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In California, a bill is being debated calling for the identification of bots on the web. The question is: Do machines have a right to free speech?

Freedom of expression: the dignity of the robot is tactile

In California, a bill is being debated calling for the identification of bots on the web. The question is: Do machines have a right to free speech?

Freedom of expression: the dignity of the robot is tactile
Content
  • Page 1 — robot's dignity is tactile
  • Page 2 — US Constitution protects speech, less speaker
  • Page 3 — even smartest machine has no consciousness, it only simulates it
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    What InspiroBot of US people hold is obviously dependent on its form. On April 17, for instance, Instagram account of fully automated Sinnsprüchegenerators message "Humankind is okay", human race is fine, written on a dreamy of a forest trail. A few weeks earlier, on 22 March, machine-created daily slogan "Humans are horrible": people are awful. The photo showed rear view of a surfer in a bikini. A classic text-image-scissors had produced machine re, quite mischievous, at best bizarre, but basically harmless.

    Or bots, i.e. computer programs that, without human intervention, post thousands of contributions every day, especially on Twitter and Facebook, are anything but harmless. They serve, for example, for dissemination of fake news or specifically to reinforce effect of certain political messages. During U.S. election campaign 2016, for example, Russian bots sent 469,000 retweets from Donald Trump's official account on Twitter. Currently, US president re 52.5 million followers, more than a quarter of which are not flesh and blood, but algorithms. They are potentially at same time a robotically clapping sham audience, machine narrators and automated Fabulierer. And most of m are not easily recognizable as bots.

    "These bots can give false credibility to news y disseminate by putting coordinated fake messages into world," says U.S. politician Robert Hertzberg, who sits for Democrats in state Senate of California, so in one of The two chambers of local parliament. As a human being, it is necessary to know wher one is debating on net with or people or with machines that are not recognizable as such, says Hertzberg.

    Conditions as in Wild West

    He has refore introduced bill with abbreviation SB 1001 in California Senate, which is intended to prohibit programming of bots in future, which are a natural person and thus deliberately deceive people about ir artificial existence. On advice of users, social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter would have to check and Mark suspected bot profiles within 72 hours.

    At end of May, California Senate approved draft with majority vote of Democrats. If or chamber of Parliament, in which Democrats also have majority, agree with him and governor does not veto it, law could come into force by end of August. "We can't get rid of se bots," says Hertzberg, "and that's not what we're aiming at. But we have states like in Wild West, and no one knows rules. "

    Although regulations would apply only to this one U.S. state, SB 1001 could have a worldwide signal effect – after all, it's about California, home of tech industry. The law would resident companies such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, Apple and Microsoft directly.

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