Many Americans, especially in Latin America, went to the streets on Tuesday, on the Day of Hispanidad, to demand the claim of the rights of indigenous and show their discontent with the "violation" they suffered during the discovery in 1492, by What they were released in the Statues of Christopher Columbus.
More than 70 organizations from the continent made a declaration "of resistance against racism, discrimination and colonialism", in which they requested compensation and repair measures "to resourn the injustices of those who have been victims" these peoples.
In this regard, GEMA Tabares, representative of the AFRO Crazy Celebrities, of Mexico, demanded that "recognize the damage caused to our territories" and called "to overcome the relations of colonial thinking and discrimination that do not allow us to move towards a society More fair and egalitarian ".
That claim was seconded by the organizations that make up the movement of black and indigenous release (Bilm), with peaceful protests in the US, Mexico, Honduras, Nicaragua, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Uruguay, Brazil, Dominican Republic , Suriname and Spain.
With these activities, according to Leonardo Cerda, Indigenous Kichwa of Ecuador and founder of the BILM, it was revealed that the current one "is a moment of humanity in which we must be united to face great challenges as climate change or the devastation of the Nature, but this can not be given if before we do not face problems such as racism or discrimination. "
One of the most controversial leaders of America, Mexican president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who previously required the King of Spain and Pope Francis who asked for forgiveness for the conquest, took advantage of the opportunity to question the one known as day of the Race, by saying that "races do not exist" because racism is "inconceivable".
His Peruvian counterpart, Pedro Castillo, did the same as he renamed the date as the "Day of the original peoples and intercultural dialogue" with the aim of "recognizing and valuing" that community to ensure "respect for his rights".
In Venezuela, his president Nicolás Maduro insisted on Tuesday, day when the Caribbean country commemorates the indigenous resistance, which Spain should ask for forgiveness to America for the "300-year-old genocide" against the original peoples.
"We join the voices in America that they have risen to demand the king of Spain to rectify his position, to reflect and ask for forgiveness for the 300-year-old genocide against the original peoples," he said from Miraflores in an act transmitted by the Venezuelan state television channel (VTV).
Also in Guatemala, where 59% of the more than 16.3 million inhabitants live under the threshold of poverty, most of them indigenous, renamed commemoration as "day of indigenous, black and popular resistance", for Raise the voice against "European invasion".
The Mayan spokeswoman K'iche Andrea Ixchíu indicated that the only existence of indigenous peoples "is resistance", because they have "529 years sowing futures despite colonial, genocidal and eco-equid violence."
This clamor equally joined hundreds of indigenous arrivals from several departments of Paraguay, who marched through the center of Asunción in demand for their rights and the restitution of their lands, within a problem that demand is addressed at a shaped work table For the three powers of the state.
In contrast, the governor of Florida, Ron Desantis, defended the commemoration of the Christopher Columbus trip that led to the discovery of America as a celebration of a "fundamental piece of the creation of the Western world".
In his message, Desantis criticized President Joe's decision to declare him on the day of indigenous peoples after recognizing the suffering of Native Americans at the hands of European explorers.
In America, the 529th anniversary of the arrival of Christopher Columbus was marked by the announcement of the replacement of its statue on the Paseo de la Reforma, from Mexico City, by the one of "Amajac's young man", in honor of indigenous women .
The capital authorities withdrawn the image of Columbus, days before a demonstration that intended to tear down, and today they explained that the new piece will be about 6 meters high and "a lot of historical, cultural and political meaning", according to Mayor, Claudia SheInbaum.
Since 2020, tributes in places and parks to Christopher Columbus and other symbols of the Spanish conquest have been vandalized in different American cities as a discontent sample.
Such is the case of Guatemala City, where Tuesday a mob painted and damaged some monuments, among them of the Columbus himself, who tied a rope without knocking down.
However, the demonstrators did take his head to the sculpture of General José María Reina Barrios, who presided over Guatemala from 1892 to 1898, and who is attributed accelerated inequality and dictatorial dyes in the Central American nation.
Likewise, members of the Ecuadorian police had to be deployed around Isabel The Catholic Monument in Quito, which was surrounded by metal fences to prevent an assault as the one happened in 2020, when they launched egg and paint, and tried to throw it up the floor With a rope.
The attack on allusive sculptures at this date began Monday in Bahamas, where the authorities presented charges against a man who damaged Columbus, located in front of the official residence of the governor in Nassau.
The police detailed that the detainee, who had an antibral vest, used a mallet to take off his right arm to the navigator statue, as well as hit his legs and the base area.
The event revived the debate on the role of Columbus in the discovery of the Caribbean.
In fact, the Ambassador of the Caribbean territory of Antigua and Barbuda before the Organization of American States (OAS), Ronald Sanders, asked for an end to ending the celebration of the two worlds representing the day of Hispanicity.
In his view, "the people originating in these lands did not need to be discovered because they already had a civilization, a rich culture and a knowledge that was adapted to sustainability," a speech with which the Mayan Cultural Manager coincides Andrea Ixchíu, for whom , Despite everything lived, the dreams of the Indians of America "have not been able to colonize them."Updated Date: 15 October 2021, 08:14