Extraordinary finding in Mexico: discover a Mayan canoe in a cenote of more than 1,000 years old

A team of archaeologists from the Ministry of Culture of the Government of Mexico, through the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), have disco

Extraordinary finding in Mexico: discover a Mayan canoe in a cenote of more than 1,000 years old

A team of archaeologists from the Ministry of Culture of the Government of Mexico, through the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), have discovered, during the works of the Mayan train, a Mayan canoe of more than 1,000 years old in good condition of conservation

"The interesting," he says responsible for the Yucatan Peninsula Office of the SAS, Helena Barba Meinecke, "was that while we ran a break for decompression in the cenote, necessary when he died over 20 meters deep and it becomes true. Time defined in dive tables, I noticed that five meters below the current water level was a dark imprint on the stone wall, which was between 60 to 90 centimeters, and indicated the old water level. "

At the height of that brand, a cave was located and inside a hardwood trunk was initially observed, which after its inspection denoted the presence of symmetrical cuts made to create a coverless cover, which made it obvious that it was a one Canoe type platform.

With 1.60 meters of length (long), 80 centimeters of sleeve (width) and 40 centimeters of strut (high), the small boat could have been used for the extraction of cenote water or for the deposit of offerings during rituals.

"The relevance is that it is that it is the first canoe of this kind that is complete and so well preserved in the Mayan area, there are also fragments of these boats and rowing in Quintana Roo, Guatemala and Belize."

His antiquity points out the archaeologist, has been initially associated with the Site of San Andrés, peripheral to Chichén Itzá, whose temporality is linked to the Terminal Classical period (830-950 D.C.). However, it will be next November when a new prospecting is carried out, in order to specify its antiquity through dendrochronology, analysis that will add the support of the Sorbonne University, from Paris, as well as knowing exactly what tree is wood .

Likewise, a polling well will be made in the sediment under the canoe, in order to define the strategic printing of the environment and possible additional elements; The same as studies of photogrammetry to obtain a 3D model of the canoe, which helps in its virtual study and disclosure and that facilitates the creation of replicas that can be integrated into museums in the region.

It should be added that in the other two water bodies of the San Andrés site, archaeological elements were also located. In the well-cenote, 50 meters deep, a human breeze and ceramic was identified, as well as mural painting in its area of access; While on the walls of the rejomada, through intricate passages, the researchers of the SAS found wall painting - a way of painted hands on the rock roof, a composite CumTun-type censer, corresponding to the late post-colonic period ( 1200-1500 d. C.), a rock-wake, a ritual knife and more than 40 'killed' vessels (which were widely broken when placed in the place) with associated charcoal.

"It is evident that this is an area where ceremonies were performed, not only by intentionally fragmented pottery, but also by the remains of coal that indicate their exposure to fire and the way they placed stones above them to cover them, since not They are product of landslides. " Rites, Helena Barba adds, extended for several centuries as testing the variety and chronology of ceramics.

The archaeological site of San Andrés has been under the protection of INAH both on its ground and underwater, since researchers also noticed evidences of looting at Cenote

Updated Date: 08 November 2021, 15:43

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