The US multinational IBM revealed its quantum processor 'Eagle' on Tuesday, the first one that surpasses the barrier of the 100 Cubits of calculation potency and that must open the doors to the development of computers capable of achieving impossible milestones for conventional computers.
The signature of Armonk (New York, USA) made the presentation under its IBM Quantum Summit conference, held virtually this Tuesday, just a day after specialized media advanced the news of the first processor of 127 Cubs (quantum bits). "The arrival of the 'Eagle' processor is a giant step towards the day when quantum computers can overcome the classics to carry out useful tasks," said IBM vice president and research director, Darío Gil.
The pioneer signature of computing and leader in sales of computers for decades has seen how in recent years he lost relevance and market share by leggings, but he is confident that his successes in quantum computing allow him to return strongly and lead a sector that a key is foreseen for the coming years.
In the same way that a bit is the basic processing unit of a classic computer, that of quantums are the cubs and, instead of working with a binary numbering system (two values, 0 or 1), in a quantum computer The values can be 0, 1 or any proportion between 0 and 1.
This triggers the possibilities of interactions and operations with respect to traditional computing, and its application in sectors as diverse as medical research or logistics could completely revolutionize the operation of these fields. Despite having been the first to overcome the barrier of the 100 Cubits, IBM is not the only great technological company that has its future commitment in quantum.
At the end of 2019, Google announced that it had achieved quantum supremacy after carrying out an operation in 200 seconds for which a traditional computer would have required 10,000 years, and did it with a computer of 54 covers.
When I had barely transcended this milestone, IBM claimed to have made the same calculation with a traditional computer in only two and a half days and with more reliable results, questioning the relevance of what is achieved by its competitor.
Only a few months later, in 2020, IBM presented a roadmap for quantum computing that goes by reaching 433 covers in 2022, and the 1,121 in 2023. The previous IBM processor, presented at 2020 and baptized 'HUMINGBIRD' 65 CúBITS, and the 2019, 'Falcon', is 27 Cubits.
To overcome the barrier of the 100 covers (something tremendously complex given the indomitable nature of quantum particles), IBM researchers were served from the design in the arrangement of the Cubits to reduce errors and an architecture that allows to reduce the number of Necessary components.
The new techniques used in 'Eagle' place the control wiring at several physical levels within the processor and keep the Cubs in a single layer, which is maintained a high level of quality. "IBM continues to innovate rapidly in hardware design and quantum software, building paths so that quantum and classical computers strengthen each other and creating a global ecosystem that is imperative for the growth of the quantum industry," Gil said in the presentation.
The New York company expects this advance to help them out of the descendant spiral in which its business is located, which in the first nine months of 2021 reduced its benefits by 19.5%.Date Of Update: 07 December 2021, 22:08