Marc Márquez and the diplopia or double-vision disorder that suffers for the second time after more than 10 years

The eyes are, perhaps, from those parts of the body that until they begin to give problems, either by vision tired, orzuelos, conjunctivitis or loss of vision e

Marc Márquez and the diplopia or double-vision disorder that suffers for the second time after more than 10 years

The eyes are, perhaps, from those parts of the body that until they begin to give problems, either by vision tired, orzuelos, conjunctivitis or loss of vision even, by putting only one example, we do not begin to pay attention. And what important, not to say essential, they are.

Moreover, when you dedicate yourself to a "risk profession" as a motorcycle drive at more than 300 km / h. If not to be told to the young pilot Marc Márquez. He knows more than well what it is to value something so simple (for lucky do not miopes) as the fact of seeing correctly without any kind of effort, help or problem.

And is that this is already the second time that the Ireerdense has diplopia, or as it is most vulgarly known, double vision. It was almost exactly ten years ago when the motorist suffered this symptoms for the first time, which would evolve into the most serious injury of the entire trajectory of him.

It was October 21, 2011 and the 93, one of its main identity brands, was playing the motorcycle title. During some workouts in Malaysia, the now eight times champion of the world of motorcycling suffered a serious accident, and that was when it twisted everything.

Virtually a decade later and when it was recovering from the discomfort in the right arm fruit of the fracture that occurred in the humerus in Jerez 2020 and the three subsequent operations, the Catalan has been reproduced the protagonist pathology of this article, the diplopia . But what exactly consists of this condition that brings the twenties head?

"Basically on what this visual disorder consists, is that our brain perceives a double image. Then our first sensations are that we see an image in duplicate," explains Dr. Fernando Cabrera, Neurologist and coordinator of the Neuro-Ophthalmology Study Group of the Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN). And there is any factor or subject matter that provoke this problem?

Dr. Bernardo Sánchez Dalmau, responsible for the Neuro-Ophthalmology Unit at the Barcelona Clinic Hospital, responds: "There are many causes of diplopy. From simple injuries or alterations as small strabisms, to nerve injuries that move your eyes. Or sometimes it's because of something that hurts these nerves, but for another cause not own nerves, but external to them. "

So the prognosis depends rather than the factor that triggers the pathology than of the affection in itself? "Yes, for example the trauma in the head of mild or moderate intensity have a double vision associated with this and tend to have a more or less benign course, around 80% recovery. Then, diplopia itself can be something indicating a very serious symptom, as in the case of brain infarctions, or of little, depending on what the cause is, "says SEN expert.

Precisely a trauma was the cause of evil, both current and above, from the Cervariense Marc Márquez. This is how it is corroborated this press release signed by your doctor: "The exploration carried out at Marc Márquez After the trauma that occurred, has confirmed that the pilot presents diplopia and has revealed a paralysis of the fourth right nerve with affectation of the upper oblique muscle Right. This nerve is the one who was already injured in 2011 ".

Even so, to reverse this problem, they have opted "for conservative treatment with periodic controls to follow clinical evolution," unlike ten years ago, when they decided to pass through operating room. Option that is not discarded either at present if the forecast does not improve.

And is that the treatment to eradicate this problem also depends on several factors: "It depends on the cause that triggers it, how it is that diplopy, because there are several types, and of evolution itself," says Galen Sánchez Dalmau. Likewise, the two doctors coincide in highlight the importance of the previous diagnosis.

Apart from this double vision disorder, there are more visual affections. These can be of hereditary, infectious or even caused by external factors as traumatisms.

Mainly they can be classified into three types according to the effects they cause over vision: disorders that cause a decrease in visual acuity, others that derive in a blurred vision, and some that are manifested by a deformed perception of objects, in addition to the They cause double vision, where only diplopy is found.

Thus, some examples of the most frequent pathologies that alter the vision are these: Horton's disease, whose cause is unknown; Retina detachments, which cause blurred vision; o The ophthalmic migraine, in which the lack of sleep would have a relevant role in the activation of the disease.

Updated Date: 24 November 2021, 18:22

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