The report of the High Commissioner against Child Poverty has ignited the alarms after facilitating the figures of their last study on Tuesday. In Spain there are 2.3 million children living in poverty. The geography study of child poverty in Spain reveals that the situation is aggravated in large cities, as more than one million children at risk of poverty live in very populated areas.
Undoubtedly, there has been a change of trend in relation to the last decades, when higher child poverty rates concentrated in rural and little populated areas. Considering the data of 2020, the study shows that the child poverty rate of very populated areas is 27.6%, compared to 29.6% of the little populated areas.
The High Commissioner has qualified this a new tendency to "redevelopment of child poverty", with a rate that rises up to 50.5% of children who suffer from a precarious situation and are concentrated in the most populous areas of Spain.
In view of the indicators of the study, urban child poverty has increased at the same time as it has been reduced in rural areas, decreasing distance by 13 points since 2013.
The cities of Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia or Seville are the most relevant examples of the new poverty facing Spain. It is a phenomenon that grows in metropolitan areas, where most of child poverty is concentrated. According to the report, the transfers of the local population towards the periphery for its greatest affordability are the origin of this change.
Madrid concentrates 230,000 children considered poor, representing 9% of total minors affected by poverty in Spain. Regarding the other major cities, the number of minors at risk of poverty reaches the160,000 in Barcelona and the 60,000 in Valencia, Sevilla and Malaga.
The study highlights the influence of the cost of housing at the level of well-being of the child population. In this sense, it warns of difficult access to a home in urban areas, although revenues are more important than in rural areas.
According to the data provided by the High Commissioner against Child Poverty, the problems arise if households dedicate 40% of their housing income. Thus, in urban areas there is an overcast, since these vulnerable households dedicate 22% more to their homes. In addition, most live rental, they represent 42.5% compared to 27.4% of rural areas.
These data take out the situation of the children hit by poverty in the most populated urban areas. The report reveals that minors live this precariousness in a more intense way than in a rural environment.
With a higher life cost, poverty is resent more, with a residential segregation and schoolmakes strong and a difference in the most obvious way of life within a cosmopolitan city. Children face an inequalitymore, which relates to the urban environment in which they live.
Madrid the most concrete example. In fact, the capital has districts in which half of the population having upper than 200% of the national median against others who house a large part of the population in a situation of poverty.Date Of Update: 27 July 2021, 14:12