The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a United Nations Nuclear Control Agency, has published a report in which it indicates that North Korea has reactivated operations in a nuclear reactor capable of producing plutonium for nuclear weapons. A measure that would be an attempt at the Kim Jong regime-one of expanding its arsenal and that presents a new challenge at the US President's External Agenda, Joe Biden, touched with the crisis in Afghanistan and that still has pending the Nuclear Covenant with Iran.
The IAEA, in a document that writes every year on the Pyongyang nuclear program, ensures that in July they were able to observe how North Koreans unloading cooling water at Yongbyon's nuclear research center, a resort north of the capital that is used for Produce nuclear fuel. Yongbyon also produces highly enriched uranium, the other key fuel for the manufacture of weapons.
"Since the beginning of July 2021, there have been indications, including the discharge of refrigeration water, in accordance with the functioning of the reactor," says the report of the agency, which already in June assured that they had detected a possible reprocessing work to separate The spent reactor fuel plutonium that could be used in nuclear weapons.
It is the first time that activity is detected in the reactor since December 2018, five months after the Summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-Un in Singapore. A year later, when Kim and Trump returned to see the faces in Hanoi, the North Korean leader offered to dismantle Yongbyon's complex in exchange for relief from the United States sanctions.
There was no agreement. The Americans rejected the offer because it only supposed a partial surrender of its nuclear capacity. According to the memories of Him, the former National Security Advisor of Trump, John Bolton, the United States tried to include in the agreement the closure of other nuclear positions, as well as dismantle the ballistic missiles. Pyongyang did not accept it. According to an estimate of the South Korean intelligence agency in 2018, its North Neighbor has many other uranium enrichment facilities and could also have manufactured between 20 and 60 nuclear weapons.
"The continuation of the nuclear program is a clear violation of the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council and is deeply worrisome," says the report. The IAEA has not been able to make observations on the ground since 2009, when its inspectors were expelled from North Korea by the Kim Jong-Un regime.
But the agency, in recent years, has been served as a support of satellite images to perform the evaluations at the Yongbyon plant, a nuclear complex with a five megawatt reactor.
According to the agency, since mid-February to the beginning of July, they would also have found signs of activity in the radiochemical laboratory that is in the same complex as the reactor, where the fuel rods of the plant are reprocessed. The General Director of the IAEA, Rafael Grossi, said a couple of months ago that the duration of activity in the laboratory was coherent "with the time necessary for a reprocessing campaign."
At the beginning of August, Reuters unveiled another confidential report by the UN Security Council: North Korea had continued to develop its nuclear and ballistic missile programs during the first half of 2021 in violation of international sanctions and despite the worsening of the situation Economic of the country.Date Of Update: 04 September 2021, 13:25