The Nobel prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz estimated that the coronavirus has revealed to the great day that the world economy was running without a spare wheel and pleaded for a better measure of the economic health of a country than GDP, in an interview with the AFP.read also : Pandemic: the OECD expects a global recession of at least 6% by 2020
the discourse of The policies being impregnated by the idea of recovery "green", Joseph Stiglitz says that we should "think about the type of economy we want after the pandemic". "And we should not be content to go back to where we were. We knew then and we know so much more today that this balance had a lot of inequities and inequalities. What we need to do, is to lead the economy in a direction that reflects all these concerns. The GDP is not a good measure. The GDP does not take into account inequality, lack of resilience, lack of durability."
Joseph Stiglitz adds that "the most important indicator is the impact of greenhouse gas emissions. Not only CO2, but also methane. They each have different dimensions, such as their life and their power. In recent years, we have learned more about the multiple manifestations of climate change, for example on how it's going to affect extreme weather events. What we have learned, it is the complexity of climate change itself."read also : An international plan of 1000 billion dollars per year bet on green energy to revive the économieLe prism of GDP
However, the GDP remains the key indicator to evaluate the success of any policy, and it could be that the evolution towards a new growth model is influenced by the tools we use to measure it. The Nobel Prize for economics believes that "the indicators are important in two respects. In our new report (for the OECD), we pointed out that if we had better measures, we would have had a better idea of the damage that the 2008 crisis was causing. More broadly, we should work on a better measure of the health of the economy, to determine to what extent our stimulus policies actually improve our societies."
According to Joseph Stiglitz, the emphasis on the GDP, did not realize the lack of resilience of society. "It did not allow us to calculate the strength of our economy," he said. "To put it simply, there is a great difference between the fact that a car has a spare wheel or not. But in the way we measure GDP, a car without a spare wheel is more efficient than a car with a spare wheel: it costs less."
"We have created an economy without spare wheel, without hospital beds additional, we do not we are not prepared for the pandemic, we have not done a lot of things that we have allowed it to respond to the pandemic. It is not that we would have been able to prevent it, but we could have an economy much more resilient, more likely to respond, and this, I believe that our statistics do we not say.", he adds.read more : euro Area : GDP fell by 3.6% in the first quarter, according to EurostatOptimisme requiring
On the stimulus "green", Joseph Stiglitz says it is "full of hope, especially in Europe". But he adds : "we need to continue to work. The world has made the commitment to be carbon neutral by 2050. I think that it is feasible. It is a very positive step, but it is not sufficient to have this aspiration, it is necessary to begin to spend the money. And of course the pandemic encourages us to start spending this money."
"We need to help people to retrain, lead to other jobs, as a salesman of solar panels," says the american economist. "Don't make such a transition would have an extremely high cost for the world. We must therefore recognize that some individuals will be worse off. We must absolutely ensure that they are properly protected and to help them to move towards other sectors of production."The editorial team conseilleEN DIRECT - Coronavirus : Macron wants to "rebuild a strong economy, ecological, sovereignty and solidarity"green Stimulus : a "loyalty card "green" to guide the consumer ?1 comment
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