Guilt of the pandemic and previous things, poverty advances.
More than 12'5 million people are at risk of poverty and / or social exclusion, a definition that does not prevent hardship or marginalization itself. There are 620,000 people more than in 2019, before the Covid bite.
Although the pandemic does not explain everything. Since the crisis of 2008, poor people have gone needing more money to stop being. It is what is called poverty gap. If in 2015, the harder year, they needed 2,705 euros, in 2018 required 2,529; In 2019, 2,622 ... and EN 2020, 2,828. "They are 300 euros poorer than in 2018".
The phrase is Juan Carlos Llano, responsible for research in Spain of the European Network of Poverty and Social Exclusion (EAPN-ES), a group of 38 non-governmental organizations that this Thursday has presented an exhaustive report on the Senate and throbbing about the disinherited of the economic and social system.
The work is called State of poverty 2008-2020 and, depending on the data of the INE, it measures all the indicators to calculate how many and who suffer a life of shortage.
Not all report data includes the pandemic. Some, like the poverty rate, reach 2109 and do not even cover the Covid because there are still no figures. "We do not know if the poverty rate will grow or not after the pandemic, because the approach to this crisis has been different from that of 2008. It has not focused on cuts, nor in deficit 0, and there have been instruments, such as The minimum vital income, which have been approved unanimously. But it will be necessary to see it. "
That 26.4% of people in danger of poverty and exclusion exceeds 5 points the EU average. And it supposes that, with respect to 2015, the year designated to start evaluating the 2030 Agenda, less than half has been done to meet the target of poverty reduction.
One of the worlds that best illustrates what happens is that of severe material deprivation: not being able to feed well, not being able to heat the house, not being able to pay the house ... in just one year it has gone from 4.7% of the 7% population, something that "spray all records". That is, in a year, 1.1 million people have joined this category of misadventures, which adds a total of 3.3 million children and adults in Spain.
In 365 days, it has grown by 42% (5.4% of the population) who can not eat meat, chicken or fish every two days, about 2 million people.
It has grown by 43% (11%) who can not keep your home at an adequate temperature.
And it has grown by 62% (13.5%) who are forced to delay the payment of their home, "because when people have to choose between eating or paying the house, choose to eat."
The severe deprivation of the most basic things was riding a row since 2008 and reached 7.1% of the population in 2014, but was descending up to 4.7% in 2019. "The extraordinary increase of this year, product of the Pandemic Covid-19 that is precipitated on a society that had not resolved in the years of recovery The consequences of the previous economic crisis, revalidated, in just one year, the destroyed of six years of economic crisis and causes 1.1 million of new people are added to severe material deprivation. "
And that has happened in 15 of the 17 Autonomous Communities. Only Castilla-La Mancha and Aragón escape from this wild increase.
Privation affects one in 10 children and adolescents in Spain. One of every 7 single-parent families and one in 4 and one out of every 20 non-community foreign and Spanish family units, respectively.
Severe poverty is a poverty within poverty. And it affects half of all the poor. They are people whose income is below 40% of the median income per unit of consumption.
That is, less than 6,417 euros per year.
Less than 536 euros per month.
Less than 17 euros a day.
In 2020 there were 4.5 million people in Spain in this situation (9.5% of the population), that is, 196,000 people more than in 2019. In 2008, before the crisis, it was 7.4% of the Spanish population and in 2015, after years of budget cuts policies, they reached 11.2%. Today, pandemic by means, the figure is halfway.
Who happens wrong to get to the end of the month? 45.2% of the population. That is 4 points less than in 2019, but only for those who have "moderate" difficulties. Because those who have "a lot of difficulty" to end the month are grown in just one year by 28%: 10% of people.Date Of Update: 14 October 2021, 20:52