The behavior of the woman goes ahead in the transformation of urban mobility: a bet for the shared transportation, it has a greater environmental awareness and moves more and more complex, patterns that have already replicated by the younger generations . This is the main conclusion of the fifth report of ClosinGap (a cluster formed by 11 large companies: Merck, Mapfre, Repsol, Vodafone, Meliá Hotels International, Mahou San Miguel-solán de Cabras, BMW Group, L'oréal. Inditex, PwC and Bankia) on the "opportunity Cost of the gender gap in mobility", launched today and is promoted by BMW Group, which focuses on analyzing trends in mobility of Spanish in urban areas, as well as the different use which men and women make use of the means of transport, with special emphasis on the new modes of mobility .
despite the fact that the private vehicle remains the main option (60,7%) to move around the city, the shared transport (public and private) already accounts for 39% of the daily journeys. In turn, new modes of transport, despite his young age, you are doing hole quickly and add up to 5% of the total, being the bicisharing and the VTC (Vehicles with Driver) the most prevalent. And although its reputation is still limited, the early adopters or early adopters already prefer them to the rest (40% in the case of the bicisharing or motosharing). This accession, which contrasts with the 26% that have the bus or the train, reflects a high degree of satisfaction and brand guidelines for the future mobility.
the data in The report have been obtained through interviews online 2.052 individuals between the ages of 18 and 65 years, the results remain representative of the urban population of the five urban areas in spain with the largest population (Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Seville and Bilbao).
"The report shows, for the first time, how it is transforming mobility in Spain towards mobility more shared, autonomous, electric and connected," says Manuel Terroba , president of BMW Group Spain. "The findings highlight how young people are replicating the way you move the woman and point out, in addition, paradigm shift among the new generations ".The women shared; the man himself
The report of ClosinGap demonstrates the controlling use that women make of the shared transport, both public and private, while men are opting for the individual transport. The gender difference is 6 points higher than in the case of women in the use of bus and train, 4 points in the metro and 1 tram. In line with this increased use, the woman shown is greater preference for public transportation , with the sole exception of the metro (47% men and 39% women). In the private sphere, the predilection of women for the shared car and the taxi sits 2 points ahead of man.
The differences are kept at short distances, in which the woman opted for the city bus (21% versus 18%), while men prefer the bike (10% versus 5%) or metro (25% versus 21%). At long distances, men are opting for the private car, as the car (66% vs. 57%), or bike (13% vs. 4%), and women use the metro or commuter bus (27% vs. 24% and 15% vs. 11%).
These patterns are transferred to new modes of transport: the woman is still committed to a shared use with options such as car sharing (11% vs 9%), in which several passengers travel together and split expenses, this being much more popular amongst them. For his part, the man continuous leaning for the individual options such as carsharing (8% versus 5%), motosharing (7% versus 3%) or bicisharing (6% versus 5%).more and More concerned about the environment
women are more aware with the environment and opt for vehicles more environmentally friendly and less polluting . Close to 90% would buy an electric vehicle and a 80% a plug-in hybrid by to be more respectful with the environment, figures are reduced to 81% and 60%, respectively, in the case of men. In this way, young people replicate this behavior and show a greater sensitivity, accelerating the shift towards mobility more sustainable: 40% and 42% of young women and young men would buy an electric vehicle compared to 33% and 36% average.
women are Also generated 9% less emissions of CO2 per day than men: a year, a woman generates 1.140 kg of CO2, and a man, 1.245 kg In this sense, and to counteract the negative impact of the pollution, it would be necessary to plant 6 trees per driver to capture each year, this difference of emissions .
Considering the price of the ton of CO2, the economic value of the pollution generated by the men amounted to 31.350 euros a day more than women, representing 11.4 million euros a year. In addition, and in relation to the impact a social-economic caused by the pollution, the behavior of mobility followed by men generates a footprint additional 255,000 euros a day . In this way, if the society is to behave as women do, the State could save more than 93 million €/year.Updated Date: 12 September 2019, 23:01