"What we played in Glasgow is the confidence in our capacity for action," the vice president and minister for the ecological transition, Teresa Ribera, who is playing a crucial role in the final line of the COP26 negotiations, as well as. "Facilitator" of progress in adaptation to the impacts of climate change.
"We have to go beyond Paris and explain people how we are going to be able to achieve a maximum increase in temperatures of 1.5 degrees," Ribera added. "It is not so much a problem of credibility, as trusted, it is to put on the table actions and formulas that allow us to actually meet with the objectives."
"The goal is to reach a point where we can say: measures are being taken to achieve it," the vice president stressed. "That will be the final measure to know if an advance in COP26 has actually occurred. Otherwise it would be admitted that there is no way and that is deseperating."
The difference between which the temperature rises 1.5 degrees or two degrees at the end of the century is an "existential issue" for vulnerable countries, whose impulse is being paramount - in riverside opinion - to mark the final "tone" of the commitment that It is reached in Glasgow. According to a report disclosed on Tuesday by Climate Action Tracker, the short-term commitments made in Glasgow are insufficient and point to a scenario of an increase in temperatures of 2.4 degrees at the end of the century.
Ribera said that the negotiations advance in "a positive environment" and hoping to reach a final commitment on Friday afternoon, as annicipated by the President of COP26, Alok Sharma. The technical teams maintain marathonic meetings in the rooms scattered by the Glasgow SEC swarm, while the political leaders "facilitate" the final commitments.
The third Vice President highlighted the agreements on coal and deforestation as two of the most important progress of COP26, although he recognized the need to go beyond the funding chapter and give a special impulse to adaptation. On Monday it was announced that the commitments for the UN Adaptation Fund have doubled during the Summit, until reaching 232 million dollars, with the contribution of a long tens of countries.
"Spain in a pioneer in adaptation and we have announced here in Glasgow our commitment to climb the contribution," Ribera recalled, who wrapped the president of the government, Pedro Sánchez, in his speech in the opening day. "The contribution of the United States is very significant, because it is a fund created in Kyoto and the one who had not contributed so far. This is surely due to the visibility effort that the North American administration is doing."
Even so, Ribera recognizes the enormous collection of resources before the actual needs of countries that have to face the risk of floods, hurricanes, droughts and heat waves. The UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, has actually proposed that half of international financing of action before climate change (which aspires to reach 100,000 million per year between 2022 and 2023) is finally destined to Adaptation efforts.
Guterres wants to also upload in Glagow the "credibility" bar, and to achieve this aims to designate a group of experts who clearly distinguish the truth of Greenwashing or Green washing. The creation of an accounting and transparency mechanism of emissions is in fact a "pending subject" from Paris, as well as the future of carbon markets.
In Glasgow, he has also been the president of IBERDROLA, Ignacio Galán, who maintained a meeting with the Special Envoy of the US climate, John Kerry. The two valued the importance of the private sector when it comes to achieving climate objectives and the need to lead the green transition, with the impulse to wind energy on land and marine (through British Filia Scottish Power).
On the other hand, the Greenpeace Ecologist Organization has warned that the first draft of the commitment that is aspresented to sign in Glasgow is scarcely ambitious and omits the reference to the use of fossil fuels. According to Greenpeace, the goal of a maximum increase in temperatures of 1.5 degrees will not be possible without "tangible measures to end the global dependence on coal, oil and gas".Updated Date: 09 November 2021, 22:33