The harmful relationship between periodontitis and hypertension

50% of people over age 30 have periodontitis periodontitis or gum disease is also linked with increased high blood pressure, in addition to cardiovascular dise

The harmful relationship between periodontitis and hypertension
50% of people over age 30 have periodontitis

periodontitis or gum disease is also linked with increased high blood pressure, in addition to cardiovascular disease. A study published in "Cardiovascular Research", a magazine of the European Society of Cardiology has been seen that there is a linear relationship: the more severe the periodontitis, the greater the likelihood of hypertension . "The findings suggest that patients with gum disease should be informed about their risk and should receive advice to change the lifestyle to prevent high blood pressure, like exercise and a healthy diet," says Francesco D'aiuto of the UCL Eastman Dental Institute (United Kingdom).

The high blood pressure or hypertension affects 30-45 % of adults and is the leading global cause of premature death. On the other hand, more than 50 of the world's population has periodontitis. Do not forget that hypertension is the leading preventable cause of cardiovascular disease, and periodontitis has been associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

"hypertension may be the cause of a heart attack and stroke in patients with periodontitis," says D'aiuto-. Previous investigations suggest a connection between periodontitis and hypertension and dental treatment could improve blood pressure, but to date the findings have not been conclusive."

This study has compiled the best available evidence to examine the odds of hypertension in patients with gum disease, moderate and severe . A total of 81 studies from 26 countries were included in the meta-analysis.

high blood pressure or hypertension affects 30-45% of adults and is the leading global cause of premature death

The results showed that periodontitis, moderate-to-severe, is associated with a 22% increase in the risk of hypertension, while the periodontitis, the more serious was associated with a 49% more chance of hypertension. The lead author, Eva Munoz Aguilera , says: "we Observed a positive linear relationship: the risk of hypertension increases in relation to the severity of the gums".

Only 5 of 12 intervention studies included in the review showed a reduction in blood pressure after the treatment of the gums. The changes occurred even in people with healthy blood pressure levels.

With regard to the possible reasons for this connection, the expert believe that the disease of the gums and the oral bacteria associated lead to inflammation throughout the body , which affects the function of the blood vessels. The susceptibility of common genetic may also play a role, along with risk factors, such as smoking and obesity.

Many countries in the world do not pay attention to the oral health which makes you do not treat periodontitis for many years

"Many countries of the world do not pay attention to the oral health which makes you do not treat periodontitis for many years. The hypothesis is that this situation of inflammation, oral and systemic, and the response to the bacteria accumulates on the risk factors existing," says D'aiuto.

in Addition, although the study investigated the gum disease as a potential risk factor for hypertension, it may also occur otherwise. " we Need more research to determine if patients with high blood pressure have an increased likelihood of periodontitis".

Updated Date: 25 September 2019, 00:03

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