The two legacies of the death of Gaddafi

"I'm ashamed to have become a prey, I, Muamar Gadafi, the black beast of the Almighty; I am ashamed of having fled at some crazy and run like a madman between

The two legacies of the death of Gaddafi

"I'm ashamed to have become a prey, I, Muamar Gadafi, the black beast of the Almighty; I am ashamed of having fled at some crazy and run like a madman between sow; I am ashamed of not having more remedy than to hide in a pipeline, I hit the UN desk with a finger to put on warning to presidents and kings. " In her novel 'the last night of the RAIS', Yasmina Khadra imagined the last thoughts of Brother Guide before dying. Among the superb and the abatement, Gaddafi is remembering the time when he "embodied a nation that knees the powerful of the world kneeling" and then be overcome by fear.

After 42 years of incontestable power, underpinned by a brutal and deaf repression, in February 2011 the revolution that puts its regime in Jaca is exploded. On October 20, it is now ten years ago, he is discovered by armed groups in full flight, hidden in a sewer in Sirte, the fiefdom of him. The tyrant who in the novel was believed "predestined to a sumptuous finish" and that during the rebellion he promised to chase the "rats" rebellious "house by house and alley through alley" is captured and lychante until death in a few hours. The opposition militias proclaimed the "liberation" of the country while the Body of the Satrapa was exposed for days thrown in a Misrata market.

The decade that was inaugurated after Gaddafi's turbulent turbulent has been built on the image and resemblance of the last hours of his dictatorship. Libya continues to be struggling to achieve stability, far from responding to the demands of the first protesters who got up against the regime. Internal violence and divisions, fueled by foreign intervention, have left the country in a difficult situation. A year ago, in October 2020, a ceasefire was reached between the forces of Marshal Jalifa Haftar, 'Strong man' of the East of the country supported by Russia and Egypt, and the Government established in Tripoli in 2015 under the auspices of the UN and the EU bra. Soon after, in February of this 2021, the features agreed on the creation of a government of national unity (GNU) with a transitional objective that has as the main objective to bring to the country a general elections -prevestors for December 24- that resolve the blockade Politician and pacifique the bellicas militias that proliferate in Libya geography.

"The death of Gaddafi at the hands of armed groups that fought against the regime - with the external support - left two legacies," reflects Claudia Gazzini, a senior analyst for International Crisis Group, in a telephone interview with the world. "On the one hand, it is sufficient to have the support of foreign countries to achieve your objectives, both political and military, as it happened 10 years ago with the support of antigadafist forces by the US, Qatar, European countries. . Now, this tendency to depend on external support has not been extinguished. It is still very present and has made the country polarize into two fields, "he continues.

"The second legacy left by the murder of Gaddafi is that there is no need to reconcile with the regime, it is not necessary to open negotiations to reform the country but only one should establish a course of action and pursue it to the end. That is, that There is no need to establish commitments or negotiate with the enemy, "adds the expert underlining a feature that defines today's Libya.

For Gazzini, the instability that the country has lived since a decade has been chiseled by the collapse of the Governmental Structure of the Gadafist State and by foreign intervention. "Libya is the reflection of a changing geopolitics in the region, defined by the tension between the coalition that brings together Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Egypt, on the one hand, and the Alliance between Qatar and Turkey, on the other" drawn in terms Ideological through a dividing line around the Muslim brothers and who has a battlefield in Libya.

This tension continues latent, despite the ceasefire and the unification of the government. "The situation has progressed significantly with respect to three years ago, when the country was divided into two governments, two military coalitions and two central banks. But the tension between both fields, east and west, persists and also blocks formed abroad ", Analyze Gazzini. The one who was political adviser of the UN Special Envoy for Libya, Ghasan Salame, between 2017 and 2018, sees the December elections as a positive step: "Without Elections, Libya can not pass page". She even though she acknowledges that "the risk of increasing instability, because Libya brings together all the reasons not to celebrate them: proliferation of armed militias, polarization, instability, corruption". It is the curse of 'rais'.

Updated Date: 20 October 2021, 08:11

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