The World Health Organization (WHO) has approved for the first time in history the generalized use of a vaccine against malaria, which has already been used as part of a pilot program in Ghana, Kenya or Malawi, where it has been vaccinated More than 800,000 children since 2019. "This is a historical moment. The long-awaited vaccine against malaria for children is a breakthrough for science, child health and malaria control. The use of this vaccine in addition to The existing tools to prevent malaria could save tens of thousands of young people each year, "the WHO General Director of the Director Ghebreyesus has highlighted by press conference.
Malaria remains one of the main causes of disease and child death in sub-Saharan Africa. More than 260,000 African children under five years old die annually from malaria.
Based on the advice of two WHO global consultative bodies, one for immunization and another for malaria, it has been recommended that this vaccine be used, known as RTS, S / AS01 and developed by the GSK pharmaceutical company, for prevention of malaria by 'P. Falciparum 'In children living in regions with a moderate to high transmission. The vaccine should be administered in a four-dose scheme in children from five months of age for the reduction of disease and loading malaria.
The data from the pilot program showed a reduction of 30% of the fatal malaria, "even when it is introduced into areas where insecticide-treated mosquito nets are widely used and there is good access to diagnosis and treatment," explains WHO. Likewise, the results indicate that more than two thirds of the children of the three countries that do not sleep under a mosquito net benefited from the vaccine.
"The vaccine has a favorable safety profile. The introduction of the vaccine is feasible, with good and equitable coverage through ordinary vaccination systems," adds the United Nations International Health Organization. Likewise, it is considered that the vaccine "is profitable in moderate to high transmission areas of malaria". The financing of the pilot program comes from collaboration between three agencies: GAVI, the Alliance for vaccines; The Global Fund for the Fight against AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; and unitaid.Updated Date: 09 October 2021, 03:17