Since this Friday, Cuba is hosting the G-77 Summit, a group made up of 134 countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America to which this time, at the Havana Summit, China joins as a guest country.
Like the G-7 or the G-20, the G-77 has the recognition of the United Nations, whose secretary general, the Portuguese Antonio Guterres, will also be in Havana.
The Beijing regime will be represented by Li Xi, responsible for disciplinary control and the fight against corruption in the Chinese Communist Party. The Summit is held days before the United Nations General Assembly that New York hosts every September.
Cuba assumed the pro-tempore presidency of the G-77 in January. Since then, Havana insists on the "unity" of its members to fight against "petty interests of those who seek to maintain the current unjust economic order immovable."
Guterres will inaugurate the meeting after being part of several international meetings in recent weeks, such as that of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in August in Johannesburg, which expanded with six new members, including Argentina, which will be represented in Havana by its president, Alberto Fernández.
The Brazilian president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, will also be in Cuba, as will his Colombian counterpart, Gustavo Petro, who will present a proposal for global financial governance of greater inclusion and strengthening the fight against the climate crisis.
"On this occasion, Colombia will seek to promote its proposal for a more inclusive, representative and effective global financial governance, which will allow building the foundations of a new international financial pact that will help, especially, the most vulnerable countries in the mitigation and adaptation of the effects of the climate crisis".
Lula's presence in Havana is the continuity of the foreign policy deployed by the Brazilian in his third term: a correct, but cold, relationship with the United States, and the leadership of very diverse countries, but which in the '70s and '80s were mostly part of the Non-Aligned Movement. Today, without that Cold War situation between capitalism and communism, the G-77 comes in a certain way to occupy the place of the Non-Aligned.
The spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mao Ning, highlighted Beijing's support for Havana's rotating presidency and praised the G-77 as a "mechanism" that "has always defended international justice" and the "rights of the developing countries".
The spokesperson affirmed that China is willing to work with Cuba and the other members of the G77 to "improve its strategic partnership" with the group, and to "promote sustainable development, the fight against climate change, global governance" and others. "issues of common interest."