This week's heat wave across the country shows that the environment situation is alarming. France's 44% energy consumption is accounted for by the building sector. According to the Ministry of Ecological Transition, there are approximately 4.8 million thermal sieves in France. These dwellings that consume a lot of energy and fall under the energy performance diagnostic (DPE) category F or G.
Energy renovation of housing is therefore an important lever. The Climate Law is therefore a key lever.
Candidat Emmanuel Macron, during his presidential campaign, set the goal of heating 700,000 homes each year in his program.
Do landlords have to do work? The PrimesEnergie.fr poll found that 80% of French approve of the Climate law's 2019 ban on excessively energy-intensive rental housing, which was then strengthened by the Climate law
Nearly 75% of people believe that only restriction is effective in achieving successful energy transitions and changing consumer habits (6 points more than 2019). This is compared to 62% for 18-24-year-olds who are only 62%.
This is more evident in rural areas (72%), than in Paris (60%), which boasts a lot of thermal sieves. According to the Ministry of Energy Transformation, 54% of capital's residential housing stock is made up of energy-intensive properties. This number could be significantly affected by the new DPE criteria that were reformed in July 2021.
According to the National Energy Mediator 8/10 people are concerned about their energy consumption. However, the French recognize the need to act at the source to reduce their energy consumption.
Insulating their housing (27%), is a key way they control their spending in the face of rising energy costs. The next step is to reduce the temperature of heating (23%), to increase self-consumption through the installation of solar panel (18% for 18-24 year olds), and then to replace their heating system with more efficient equipment (15%). 11% of respondents said they were moving toward arbitration for non-essential expenses.
* A study and analysis was done in the first quarter of 2022 by OpinionWay.fr, with 1022 participants representing the French population over 18 years.