Gütersloh (dpa/lnw) - In the most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, around three out of ten study places in the 2022/2023 winter semester have restricted admission. According to a study by the Center for Higher Education Development in Gütersloh (CHE), NRW is well below the national average for the so-called numerus clausus (NC) and ranks 10th in a comparison of the federal states. From autumn onwards, the national average fell slightly from 40.1 to 39 compared to the previous year. 7 percent. In NRW, the proportion of degree programs with an NC has fallen from 31.3 to 30.9. Hamburg is at the top with a rate of 64.8 percent.
The authors of the CHE study, a joint subsidiary of the Bertelsmann Foundation and the German Rectors' Conference (HRK), point to major regional differences. In Cologne, the largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia, more than every second university place (53 percent) has an NC, while in Paderborn the rate is only 8 percent.
The proportion of NC subjects in NRW is highest in law, economics, and social sciences at 40.8 percent. Then come mathematics and natural sciences (32.7), followed by languages and cultural studies (24.3) and engineering (19.7). These figures therefore deviate significantly from the nationwide data: law, economics, social sciences (48.6), mathematics and natural sciences (36.4), engineering (33.1) and languages and cultural studies (26 ,0).
In the case of a subject with admission restrictions, the university sets a maximum number of students to be accepted (numerus clausus, Latin for a closed number). School leavers then have to apply for a place. The selection is then made on the basis of grades, test results or professional experience.