North Rhine-Westphalia: Federal plans: 1.1 percent of the state area for wind power

Berlin/Düsseldorf (dpa/lnw) - For faster construction of more wind turbines, the federal government wants to make the states more responsible and overturn strict distance rules to residential buildings - if area targets are not achieved.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Federal plans: 1.1 percent of the state area for wind power

Berlin/Düsseldorf (dpa/lnw) - For faster construction of more wind turbines, the federal government wants to make the states more responsible and overturn strict distance rules to residential buildings - if area targets are not achieved. This is what the plans of the Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection and the Ministry of Construction, which went into the departmental vote on Wednesday, provide for this. The goal: With strict distance rules, the construction of new wind turbines should no longer be made more difficult in the future.

The federal government wants to set legally binding area targets for wind power on land: 1.4 percent of the federal area should be available for wind turbines by 2026 and two percent by 2032, according to ministry circles.

Different targets apply to the individual countries because there are different requirements for the expansion of wind energy. In North Rhine-Westphalia, for example, 1.1 percent of the state area should be available for the construction of wind turbines in 2026. According to the nature conservation organization Bund NRW in March, only around 0.3 percent of the state area is currently legally designated as an area for wind energy. According to the plans, 1.8 percent of the country's area should be available by 2032.

In NRW, there is currently a minimum distance of 1000 meters to most residential buildings. According to the exploratory paper by the CDU and Greens in the Düsseldorf coalition negotiations, at least 1,000 additional wind turbines are to be built over the next five years - "also on industrial, commercial, forest and calamity areas and along transport routes". Elsewhere in the paper there is also talk of “abolishing the general distance regulation”.

On how much space in NRW wind turbines can actually stand is controversial. A study published by the NRW State Environment Agency at the beginning of April considers 1.7 percent of the state area suitable for wind power expansion. Another study by the State Association for Renewable Energies NRW came to the conclusion at the end of May that around 2.8 percent of the state area can be used for wind power.

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