“The world is not on track to meet the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. » Here is the clear conclusion of the assessment of the implementation of the 2015 Paris agreements, published Friday September 8 under the aegis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. It calls on countries around the world to do "much more, now, on all fronts", 83 days from COP28.
To limit warming to 1.5°C, the most ambitious limit of this historic agreement, CO2 emissions will have to peak before 2025 and achieving carbon neutrality will require the development of renewable energies as well as the exit from all fossil fuels without CO2 capture, insists the report.
The interest of this new call to order, which draws on the voluminous and alarming scientific reports of the IPCC, is that it will constitute the indisputable basis of the bitter negotiations of the 28th UN climate conference, from November 30 to 12 December, in the United Arab Emirates, announced as the largest COP ever convened, with the future of fossil fuels: coal, oil and gas at the heart of the discussions.
It is released just as leaders of major G20 nations begin meeting in New Delhi, with little hope of making ambitious progress on the climate issue.
This “stocktake of global efforts to implement the Paris Agreement” – global stocktake, in UN jargon – is a long-awaited document, and the first exercise of its kind since the 2015 agreement. On this occasion , the world's nations had pledged to limit the increase in global temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to continue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C.
With nearly 1.2°C of warming already, the world is already experiencing extreme events, such as heat waves, droughts, floods and megafires that have ravaged various regions of the world this summer, the hottest ever measured on the globe. And are multiplied with each additional tenth of warming.
“There is a rapidly closing window to increase ambition and implement existing commitments to limit global warming to 1.5°C,” warns the report, which again suggests stepping up efforts towards climate change. finances, primarily to developing countries, the reduction of emissions and adaptation to climate change.
Achieving carbon neutrality will require profound transformations in all sectors and areas, “including the development of renewable energies and the exit from fossil fuels without CO2 capture,” he underlines. To achieve its goals, humanity must “reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 43% by 2030 and 60% by 2035 compared to 2019 levels,” and achieve carbon neutrality. in 2050, recalls the report.