Ramadan is one of the most important times of the year for Muslims. On this date (in AD 610), the Koran, the holy book of Islam, began to be revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. Fasting or sawn during the month of Ramadan is one of the pillars of the religion. And it does not only consist of fasting, these days should be dedicated more than ever to prayer, meditation and getting closer to God.

In addition to being the month in which the revelation of the Qur’an began, Ramadan is the ninth month of the lunar calendar. It should be noted that the Islamic calendar (hijri) is based on the rotations of the Moon around the Earth.

Thus, while the Gregorian calendar, based on the Earth’s rotation around the Sun, has 365 days and a quarter of a day, the Hijri year has 12 months, each of which varies between 29 and 30 days. This variation, explains the mundoislam.com platform, causes Ramadan to begin 11 days earlier than the previous year, compared to the Gregorian calendar.

Ramadan has a religious function, a health one (purifies the body), a mental one (strengthens the will) and a moral one (it helps to understand what people deprived of food suffer).

The start of Ramadan coincides with the waxing moon of the ninth month of the traditional Islamic calendar and lasts until the next waxing moon (about 30 days). Thus, astronomical calculations announce a month of fasting during the following dates:

In Ramadan, it is necessary to know the times of sunrise and sunset. Ramadan schedules can be found here by city.

During this period, before the sun makes its appearance over the horizon, those who comply with the fasting rituals take their first suhur, the last food and drink that the believers put in their mouths until sunset, the moment of the breaking the fast, known as iftar, sumptuous dinner that puts an end to abstaining from eating food. And it is that at night this month the streets, shops and cafes are brimming with activity until the wee hours of the morning.

Bad thoughts, insults, criticism of third parties, sex and tobacco during daylight hours or lies must be banished during the 29 days of the holiest month for Muslims.

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