children's offers is for women, despite improved care, always with enormous loss of income associated. While childless women have narrowed the Income gap to men with the time, there is the gap between mothers and childless women is always greater. This is the Central result of a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, which will be released this Monday. The so-called life income go back, in comparison to women without children, on average "by about 40 percent," if a woman decides for a child, says the study, which is the F. A. Z. in advance. A woman gets three or more children, be it even almost 70 percent.
editor responsible for economic reporting, responsible for "The Lounge".F. A. Z.
The calculations shed new light on the differences in income between the sexes, as well as on the Situation of mothers. So far, the wage gap ("Gender Pay Gap in the debate") in focus, which compares the gross hourly wages of women and men. In the past year, the advantage of the men was, according to calculations by the Federal Statistical office, 20 percent. Three-quarters of the pay gap fall away, however, if women and men are compared in similar Professions and positions.
The Bertelsmann study, which uses survey data from the German Socio-economic panel study (SOEP) back, looks at the income, the men and women over their entire working lifetimes to earn. A Simulation can be estimated the lifetime incomes of individuals born in the period from 1964 to 1985 – including people that are not very long in working life, to explain the Bertelsmann-labour market researchers Manuela Barišić and Valentina Sara Consiglio.
the model of The male breadwinner dominated
A previous study with the same methodology showed in the spring that men live on the labor of almost twice as much money as women. West German men, therefore, expected to increase to 1.5 million euros up to their 60. Age of West German women only to 830,000 euros (in prices as of 2015). For the first time, has now been determined how this discrepancy depends on the decision for offspring, and the number of children.
the childless women came in 1982 in West Germany to the world, deserve to be, therefore, expected to be 1.3 million euros, to melt the gap with the men. Peer mothers with a child to lose compared to women without children, but 43 percent, a second child would increase the gap to 54 percent, a third to 68 percent. In East Germany, the orders of magnitude are comparable.
As the main reason, the authors call that "in spite of other ideas that are in favour of partnership-based division of labour, de facto, as before, the model of the male breadwinner or the zuverdiener indoor model dominated". Also, younger women were still more often in part-time, waived for the benefit of their family and career took later in the profession a bad back foot which resulted in lower pension claims.Date Of Update: 22 June 2020, 01:19