How much does it cost on average to fill up with electrons in an electric car? Is it more expensive in France than in Germany? Blessed is the person who can accurately answer these questions. Since the deployment of networks of electric charging stations in Europe, it has been difficult to see clearly in the prices and to know the quantity of electricity consumed to run one's vehicle.
However, these subjects remain essential at a time when sales of electric vehicles are taking off. They represent 15% of registrations in France, where we have just passed the milestone of 100,000 charging stations open to the public. The movement will follow throughout the European Union, which has banned the sale of thermal vehicles from 2035.
Today, charging prices vary from simple to double, in particular depending on the electrical power used. If, for 100 kilometers, a shot of electrons at home at low power costs from 3 to 4 euros, its price is between 8 and 16 euros at a terminal, depending on the speed of the recharge and the location (motorway, supermarket , car park…). These calculations are based on a consumption of 20 kilowatts per 100 kilometres. The consumption of an electric vehicle can therefore cost more than that of a thermal one, the average price of which to drive 100 kilometers is around 10 euros.
Under the Afir Regulation (Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation), which revises the 2014 Afid directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, the European Union has decided to tackle these problems. The amendment to the existing legislation should enable the imposition of minimum targets for charging infrastructure and the harmonization of charging systems for electric vehicle charging in the 27 member countries.
"At the entrance to gas stations, gas prices are displayed on the famous totems. On the other hand, we do not have the slightest idea of the price per kilowatt hour (kW/h). The new European regulations will bring transparency for the end consumer. It requires all chargers over 50 kilowatts to accept the blue card and also to measure the amount of energy supplied per kilowatt and not per minute,” explains Jean-Marc Bianchi, from TSG. This French company, which sells, installs and takes care of the maintenance of equipment on all types of mobility energy, has already set up nearly 40,000 charging stations worldwide, including between 8,000 and 10 000 in France.
At Avere-France, an association for the development of electric mobility, we are pleased that the Afir regulation takes note of the aspiration of motorists, such as charging for fast charging per kilowatt hour. "Today, we don't have the same simplicity as with thermal mobility. Even though limits greater than or equal to 50 kilowatts will adopt kW/h pricing, it is not relevant in all cases. It is important that management does not stifle innovation and takes into account the motorist's charging experience in the field, "said Clément Molizon, general delegate of Avere-France.
The final details of Afir are currently in negotiation. The regulation must be adopted in the coming weeks by the European institutions for entry into force by the beginning of 2024.