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Orthodontics is a fascinating field. It is a branch of dentistry that treats dental abnormalities

The Basics of Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a fascinating field. It is a branch of dentistry that treats dental abnormalities

The Basics of Orthodontics
Orthodontics is a fascinating field. It is a branch of dentistry that treats dental abnormalities. Learning about the different dental conditions and their corresponding treatments requires a few years. Below, we have made a comprehensive but simplified version of the most common dental problems that are treated by an orthodontist.  Check it out: 

1.Overbite. It is more commonly known as “buck teeth”. It is when the upper front teeth are too forward, and they protrudes over the lower teeth.

2.Underbite. It is the opposite of overbite, as the lower teeth are the ones that are too forward. It makes the patient have a “bulldog” appearance.

3.Crossbite. It is a misalignment of the dental arches. It is when a tooth is closer to the cheek or the tongue more than its corresponding antagonist tooth. The problematic tooth can be from the upper or the lower dental arch.

4.Open bite. It is also known as “bad bite”. Here, a tiny space exists between the front teeth’s biting surfaces with the back teeth biting together. Hence, the upper and the lower teeth are unable to make contact when you close the jaw.

5.Misplaced midline. The misplaced midline is exactly what you think it is. The upper front teeth’s center doesn’t align well with the corresponding lower front teeth’s center.

6.Spacing. Spacing is an obvious one. There are gaps or spaces in-between the teeth. It can be caused by missing teeth, but it is a more common occurrence that the spacing of the teeth is naturally too far apart either because of the size of the teeth or because of the jaw bone.

7.Crowding. You can also pretty much guess what this is. Crowdinghappens if there are more teeth than space available in the dental ridge. It can be caused by the improper growth of teeth, the early or late loss of primary teeth or an imbalance between the jaw and tooth size caused by genetics.

These are the most common dental problems that are fixed by orthodontists. The right treatment will be able to correct the dental abnormality. But, to be able to do so, you need the right orthodontic supplies. There are many different appliances you can use to be able to correct crooked or misaligned teeth. Here are some approaches that are considered to be the most effective. 

1.Braces. Braces are the most popular and the most common fixed appliances used nowadays. Bands are used to anchor the device while arch wires put tension on the teeth so that it can gradually move them into the right position.

2.Aligners. Aligners are gaining popularity because these are removable appliances. They are great alternatives to traditional braces,and hence, patients prefer them. They move teeth the same ways as braces but, it comes without the metal wires and brackets. They are virtually invisible, and the patient can easily remove whenever the need arises.

These are the most popular ones, but other methods and techniquesdo exist and are being used around the world.

Publish Date : 09 Kasım 2018 Cuma 12:02

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