For undergraduates, MBBS is the most obvious choice for medical education in India. A total of 335 medical colleges exist in India, 180 of which are private and 155 public.
In the curriculum, students learn clinical procedures and practical knowledge. In terms of training and research, MBBS in India is regarded as the best.
Students should clear the NEET Entrance Exam to apply to MBBS programs in India. After passing the entrance exam, all students seeking MBBS in India will receive a NOC (No Objection Certificate).
Those interested in government MBBS seats through NEET should contact the state-level counsellors of their respective organizations. After completing the MBBS program, graduates are awarded "Bachelor of Medicine" or "Bachelor of Surgery".
The eligibility criteria for MBBS
The National Medical Commission (NMC) defines the criteria for admission to MBBS programs in India. Applicants must meet the eligibility requirements to qualify for admission. In cases of ineligibility, the candidature of ineligible candidates will be withdrawn. Below are the MBBS admission eligibility criteria.
- Academic qualifications: The minimum requirement for MBBS admission in India is passing class 12 from a recognized board.
- Subjects studied: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are in classes 11 and 12.
- Minimum marks required: At least 50% marks are required for admission to MBBS programs in India. The minimum marks required to be admitted to MBBS are 40% for SC, ST, and OBC categories.
- Age: Applicants should not be younger than 17 years to qualify for admission to MBBS in India. The upper age limit is 25 years.
MBBS entrance exams
A single exam is required for all MBBS admissions in India - NEET. NTA conducts medical entrance tests based on the NEET-UG syllabus, including topics from CBSE classes 11 and 12. In order to qualify for MBBS admission, aspirants must answer 180 multiple-choice questions from 200 questions in three hours following the NEET exam pattern.
There are three sections to the NEET question paper 2021: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany Zoology). Biology is the most weighted section of NEET, with 90 questions and 360 marks. Each of the two remaining parts of the NEET paper carries 180 marks and 45 questions.
To get admission to one of India's MBBS programs, candidates must achieve the NTA NEET cutoff. Admission to MBBS programs is only open to those who meet the NEET cutoff marks and percentile. NEET's cutoff score and results are used to grant MBBS admission at AIIMS, JIPMER, and Government medical colleges.
What are the next steps after passing NEET?
Once candidates have passed the NEET exam, they will be eligible for participation in the state-level and central-level counselling process for MBBS admission. NTA will notify candidates whose names appear on the list of NEET-UG-qualified candidates. They will be called for NEET counselling. Students must register at the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) portal to participate in the counselling and seat allocation process.
The MCC will conduct NEET counselling for 15% of All India Quota, deemed institutions/central universities, and ESIC institutions. During MBBS admissions counselling, students must fill out personal and NEET-related information, pay the counselling fee, and indicate their course of interest and college preferences.
MCC will conduct the NEET UG seat allotment by looking at candidate choices, the NEET All India Rank, reservations, and seat matrix. Candidates who will be offered seats during the MBBS admission process must report to the institute with which they have been allotted.
MBBS Seats in India
83,075 MBBS seats are available in Indian medical colleges only through NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test). In India, there are 82,926 MBBS seats offered in 541 medical colleges, which includes 278 government institutions and 263 private ones.
Type of College and the number of seats
Government Colleges: 41,388 Seats
Private Colleges including Deemed Universities: 35,540 Seats
MBBS admissions by state
The state authorities will follow a separate procedure to admit MBBS students to the remaining 85% state-funded seats in government colleges and all seats in private institutions. Admissions counselling for MBBS can be done online or offline.
Candidates will submit a registration form, fill out the course and college choices, and submit documents for verification during state counselling for MBBS admission. The state authorities will also conduct MBBS admission for 100% seats in private colleges in the state and state quota seats.
Increase in MBBS seats in India
To meet the increasing demand for the healthcare sector in the country, the Government of India has been trying to raise the number of colleges, BDS seats, and total MBBS seats in India through NEET each year. Aims include adding more doctors to the system and strengthening it further. In addition, the government has increased the number of MBBS seats available due to implementing the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) quota.
MBBS Seat reservations in India
In India, there are reserved seats for MBBS. This is generally done by the government or by a private medical college.
- 7% seats for ST candidates
- 15% seats for SC candidates
- 27% seats in Central Educational institutions for OBC
- 5% seats for PWD candidates
What's Next After MBBS?
Physicians earn an average annual income of INR 7,16,338 after completing their MBBS program. After MBBS, students have the option of pursuing a postgraduate degree in either master of surgery or a doctor of medicine (MD).
- Master of Surgery: Following MBBS, one can specialize in Ophthalmology, Gynecology, Obstetrics, or any other of the many specializations available in Master of Surgery.
- Doctorate of Medicine: In specializations like General Medicine, Pathology, Anatomy, Paediatrics, Orthopaedics, Physiology, MD or Doctor of Medicine is the most sought-after course after MBBS.
- The MBBS internship allows students to work as consultants, medical assistants, and physicians, among other things.
- After completing an internship, students can apply to the Medical Council of India (MCI) to become doctors.
- They can also become research assistants for pharmaceutical firms.
- Additionally, a graduate of both the Bachelor of Medicine and the Bachelor of Surgery program may apply for the Combined Medical Services Examination.
- MBBS degree holders can pursue a host of MBBS government jobs, such as with Indian Railways and the Indian Army.
MBBS aspirants often seek government seats through NEET due to the high fees in private medical institutes. Going for an MBBS degree is a great choice, and this complete guide to MBBS seats in India might help in your journey.