Comedones are blackheads located on the face, body, and their favorite place is the nose. They arise due to clogging of the sebaceous glands, so people with oily skin most often suffer from them. But others can also be affected by this defect.
Types of Comedones
This defect has two types:
- Open type - those same black acne dots. The color is a consequence of the oxidation of the sebaceous plug that has protruded onto the surface of the skin.
- Closed type - white subcutaneous formations that often become inflamed with the formation of nodes.
What Are the Reasons for their Appearance?
First of all, they have nothing to do with the purity of the skin. And this is not a consequence of a bacterial infection. Most often, comedones occur due to hormonal imbalance, leading to a malfunction of the sebaceous glands.
As a result, the production of sebum increases. It does not have time to leave the pores and mixing with dead cells forms a dense plug. Also, bad lifestyle habits can worsen the condition. For example, if you drink alcohol it will affect the travel of useful nutrients through the skin causing increased comedones.
For better skin, you need to contact a specialist, get specialized alcoholism treatment, and get rid of this addiction. It will be your first step towards healthy and happy skin and life. Have a healthy diet and avoid foods that can cause harm to your skin and body.
Comedone Remedy That Will Help For A Long Time
Because of the nature of blackheads, all kinds of rinses and scrubs are ineffective, as are special strips for removing blackheads. Scrubs, wipes, or strips only remove the top of the comedones, but the plug itself remains where it was. Subsequently, it will rise outward, oxidize, and the points will reappear.
Much better is the direct physical removal of comedones using an extractor (hook-type device). But you need to get used to its use. Therefore, the best solution would be to contact an experienced beautician who will examine the skin, clearly show how to use the extractor, and at the same time advise a special tool for dissolving comedones.
Should You Go To Dermatologist Or Cosmetologist?
To effectively combat blackheads, cosmetics must contain salicylic acid. It penetrates deep into the pores and completely dissolves the sebaceous plug. Moreover, this substance has drying properties. Thus, its use reduces oily skin.
Getting rid of blackheads for a long time is real. But it is better to first consult with both the dermatologist and the cosmetologist. The first will prescribe medication, if necessary, and assess the condition of the skin. And the second will advise effective cosmetics and explain all the nuances of the necessary care procedures.
Causes of Comedones
Comedones - a skin disease that is associated with blockage of the pores of the skin. They can appear on the face as well as on the neck, shoulders, chest, and back. This disease is not dangerous for humans, but it spoils the appearance and affects mental health (self-doubt, complexes, and depression).
The causes of comedones can be external and internal.
- Improper skincare
- The use of low-quality cosmetics
- High concentration of dust in the air
- Insufficient skin cleansing (especially when removing makeup).
- Individual characteristics (when a person produces too much sebaceous secretion)
- Improper nutrition
- Lack of vitamins and essential substances
- Stress, as it greatly affects hormones.
How To Deal With The Problem Of Comedone On The Face?
1- Professional Face Cleansing
They are mechanical, ultrasonic, vacuum, and laser. Peels can also help treat comedones. It is worth clarifying that face cleansing is an excellent assistant in treatment, but it is effective only in combination.
However, you need to responsibly approach the search for a clinic and a cosmetologist. A true professional will use the latest equipment and select a procedure that suits a specific person with his/her characteristics.
2- Medical Treatment
In any case, you should not start such treatment without consulting a specialist. Testing and taking anamnesis are required to determine the real cause of the problem and its effective treatment. Only a doctor will be able to choose the right drug and dosage. This will make the skin cleaner and at the same time not harm health.
3- Care Products
Without proper care and an integrated approach, treatment can be ineffective. For a high-quality result, it is better to pay attention to cosmeceuticals. Again, a specialist should choose a really high-quality product to solve the problem, based on the individual characteristics of the skin.
Retinol, kaolin, camphor, sulfur, menthol are most often found in the composition of care products that help from comedones. To combat comedones and blackheads, the priority is to apply drugs with acids (salicylic or glycolic acid). It will help the skin to exfoliate and bring the contents of the sebaceous gland to the surface.
Things To Avoid:
- Extrusion of comedones and attempts to smooth out the skin relief with your own hand. This leads to injury, scars, inflammation, and post-acne.
- It is better not to use a dense foundation, so as not to clog the pores even more, and pay attention to mineral-based cosmetics.
- Care products should not be changed too often. It is not necessary to use all the available means at the same time. It is more effective to accurately observe the body's reaction to one or another method of dealing with the problem.
Although comedones are not harmful to health, they need to be treated. And to cope with them, you need to seriously take care of your health. Comedones are a disease that affects self-esteem, personal life, mood, and mental state but it is not a good idea to self-medicate it at home. You need to consult a specialist who will suggest the best solution for you depending on your skin type.