The summer holidays are just around the corner, and many a student would like to earn something extra in the six weeks. With a summer job. But there are so many things to consider.
It won't be long before the summer holidays begin in many federal states. Many students not only use their free time to relax, but also look for a job. If you want to earn something like this, you should consider a few things in advance. The Youth Employment Protection Act regulates the exact conditions for holiday work. The DGB youth gives tips:
In any case, every student should only start a summer job with a contract in hand. This must be completed beforehand and clearly regulate tasks, working hours and wages.
A holiday job must be an easy job, such as gardening, delivering newspapers, or running errands. Heavy physical or dangerous activities are forbidden for young people. Handling hazardous substances or working piecework is also prohibited.
Work is actually forbidden up to and including the age of 14. If the parents agree, however, children from the age of 13 can work up to two hours a day, in agriculture up to three hours a day between 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. Anyone between the ages of 15 and 17 is considered a youth. And for young people there are fewer restrictions when it comes to jobbing during the holidays. But still not everything is allowed. School-age students are not allowed to work for more than four weeks a year during the holidays, because they are primarily there for recreation.
Rest breaks for under 18-year-olds are also regulated in the Youth Employment Protection Act. Anyone who works four and a half to six hours a day is entitled to a break of at least 30 minutes. For more than six hours it is 60 minutes.
With the minimum wage law, holiday jobbers who are older than 18 years are entitled to 9.82 or 10.45 euros (from July 1, 2022) per hour. This also applies if the holiday job is carried out as a part-time job (up to 450 euros/month). In the case of minor wages, a maximum of 48 hours per month may be worked.
However, the Minimum Wage Act does not apply to under-18s who have not completed vocational training. Here you should keep a close eye on the wage level when signing the employment contract: Holiday jobs must also be paid fairly. Although no social security contributions are due, taxes are due if the salary is above the monthly wage tax allowance of 834 euros gross. The taxes are usually refunded in the next year if you submit an application to the tax office. For this, the employer needs the electronic wage tax card in any case - this can also be obtained from the tax office.
During the holiday job, students are insured with the employer's accident insurance. This protection begins on the first day at work and also applies to the journey to work and back home.