The decision came in a week of important judgments of the Supreme Court, among others, about Donald trump's finances. Therefore they learned less attention. However, for many, it is a victory for the indigenous people all over the country, whose Nations are struggling to retain their full sovereignty. The decision is monumental and of the utmost importance for the indigenous peoples of North America, said Joy Harjo. She is a member of the Muscogee Nation (also Creek), and current holder of the title of "honorary poet of the United States".
For the Muscogee Nation and four other tribes, the judgment means a late historical justice. They had been forced between 1830 and 1850 by force, among other things, in present-day Oklahoma to settle there. The country is today, was to them as a reserve promised. As well as the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Semiole and Cherokee, the American government expelled them from their homelands in the southeastern United States in the West. According to the "Indian removal act of 1830 up to 100,000 native Americans were sent on the "Trail of Tears", the "way of tears".
Own courts and police units
Oklahoma still 86.100 registered citizens of the Muscogee Nation today. In Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Florida at the beginning of the decade still lived almost 125,000 for the indigenous people on millions of acres of Land that had been inherited over many generations.
The white settlers wanted the Land for themselves, with the help of enslaved Black cotton to grow. In addition, had been found in Georgia in 1828, Gold. Many States passed laws, according to which aborigines had no land rights. The Supreme court disagreed with the 1832. But President Andrew Jackson ignored it and said as long as no one was willing to open the judgment to implement, be it a stillbirth. The judge could try to enforce their decision, so Jackson.
The local police and militias forced the Displaced persons to March on foot and in chains in the new reserves in the West. Many people died on the way to Hunger and diseases – estimates that at least 3500 Muscogee, and thousands more natives survived the marches. In Oklahoma, the Survivors founded the settlement of Tulsa, the second largest city in the state. Also it falls in the area of the Supreme Court, now confirmed as a country of the Muscogee. They built a private system of justice, which stayed the state of Oklahoma continued after its founding, miss. According to the judges Oklahoma practiced over decades, the illegal criminal authority over the indigenous citizens.Updated Date: 12 July 2020, 19:19