Actually, a unanimous decision of the 27 EU countries is necessary. But when Budapest blocks a billion-dollar package for Ukraine, the EU finds another way to push it through.
The EU states have agreed on a billion dollar package for war-torn Ukraine. However, the decision was taken against Hungary's dissenting vote, according to EU sources. According to the decision, 18 billion euros will be paid out to Kiev in the course of the coming year.
The solution now lies in the fact that the guarantees for the loans - if Hungary sticks to its veto - are not covered by the EU budget as initially planned, but are taken over by the EU states. As a result, a unanimous decision was not necessary. However, there is still time for Hungary to come on board. Then the guarantees would go through the EU budget. The agreement is to be submitted to the European Parliament for approval next week.
This means that Hungary no longer has any leverage in the discussion with other countries. However, Budapest has also been blocking the international minimum tax for months, which the EU states had already agreed on together with around 130 other countries.
The background to the Hungarian blockade is, among other things, that the EU states still have to decide on a proposal by the EU Commission to freeze around 7.5 billion in EU funds for Budapest due to allegations of corruption. The EU Commission has been at odds with Hungary for years, accusing Budapest of not complying with democratic standards. Hungary denies the allegations.