It has been more than 50 years since Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. South Korea is also among the nations that want to emulate the Americans. The country is now launching a probe that will also explore a visit to the satellite.
As part of its space exploration plans, South Korea has launched its own lunar probe for the first time. A "Falcon-9" rocket from Elon Musk's private space company SpaceX took off on Thursday evening as scheduled from Cape Canaveral in the US state of Florida with the test moon probe "Korea Pathfinder" on board. SpaceX broadcast the launch. After a journey of four and a half months through space, the orbiter - also known as "Danuri" - is to orbit the moon and from there collect data from the surface of the earth's satellite.
South Korea's Science Ministry confirmed that initial contact with the orbiter had been made after launch. Later it was said that "Danuri" had successfully swung into the planned trajectory towards its target. The orbiter is out this long to conserve fuel. It gets its energy from solar panels. In addition, he does not fly directly to the moon. It is scheduled to reach the planned orbit on December 16th.
The project, including the development of an unmanned space vehicle, is the result of cooperation between the Korea Space Research Institute (Kari) and other institutes in South Korea, as well as NASA. In order to fulfill the research tasks, the orbiter is equipped with six instruments including special cameras. One task is also to explore possible landing sites on the moon, said a spokeswoman for the Ministry of Science. One goal in the space exploration plans is to land on the moon by 2031. It has not yet been specified whether there will be an unmanned landing with a robot.
South Korea has an ambitious space program. In June, according to its own statements, it had successfully launched satellites for civilian use into orbit with a self-built launch vehicle. Unlike Germany, the country is also a signatory to NASA's Artemis program for space cooperation. The plan is to send people to destinations like the moon and Mars with a fully reusable takeoff and landing system. Astronauts are expected to land on the moon again by 2025.
China is also working on putting its own astronauts on the moon. The People's Republic has landed on the surface of the moon several times with research robots and has also successfully returned moon rocks to earth. In the 2030s, according to reports from the Chinese state media, a permanent station is to be built on the moon in a further step. The research station could therefore be set up and operated jointly with Russia.