After its version of emergency lighting, since the month of march and requested by more than one million companies at a cost of 13.6 million workers, are now activity long-term partial (APLD). Three weeks after the launch of the first round of concertation between unions, employers and the ministry of Labour, the president of the Republic unveiled to the social partners the major projects to be carried out on the job front: vocational training, youth employment and unemployment insurance. But Emmanuel Macron has mainly been to present the contours of the new mechanism of maintenance of employment of the long-term.
The challenge of the activity long-term partial remains the same as its version of the common law, adjusted over the water during the crisis. To know: avoid massive layoffs in companies whose sustainability is not in question, but which are faced with a reduction of activity sustainable. And this to the image of sectors such as the automotive or aerospace sectors, which are struggling to restart and to complete their backlog.see also : Macron is an attempt to prevent a social crisis
in practical terms, the use of this new device, which will enter into force on the 1st of July, will be subject to two conditions. First, the application must be the subject of a collective agreement majority within the company, or the branch. Secondly, the companies that will benefit from the activity long-term partial will have to maintain a level of activity for each employee 60% minimum. In other words, the working hours may not exceed 40 % of the working time of each employee. On the side of the compensation, the system will keep a level almost similar to that of the containment: employees will receive 84 % of their compensation with a ceiling of 4.5 smics and business will be reimbursed at 80 % (85 % in the case of an agreement signed before 1 October). "We would like to maintain a very high level of protection because if we do not support the enterprises in sub-sustainable activity, will lead to the destruction of massive job", argued the Elysée palace. And for good reason: under the effect of the crisis, unemployment is expected to exceed the mark of 10 % at the end of the year and the Unédic anticipates 900.000 jobs...On the unemployment part of the common law, for the difficulties, in principle, the transient, the device will change from 1 October
The companies will benefit from this device inspired by a text of the metallurgy for 6 to 24 months. But no condition of maintaining employment shall be necessary in the eyes of the executive to trigger its use. Only the agreement, which will be on the basis of a diagnosis and a forecast of activity and employment, will set out commitments. Therefore, free trade unions and the employers ' register of guarantees in terms of employment. "This will be the agreement which will set out commitments to take and hold, not us. We have confidence in the social dialogue and in collective bargaining," says the president of the Republic. The executive is therefore of the trade union organisations as a safeguard to prevent abuse.
On the unemployment part of the common law, for the difficulties, in principle, the transient, the device will change from 1 October. After a first reduction of the wing at the beginning of June, with the exception of some sectors which are most affected such as hospitality or the event industry, companies are now compensated at a rate of 85 % and not 100 %. In the fall, the compensation will be once again reduced to be 60 %. And, a novelty compared to its previous version, employers will be required to commit to maintain employment for the duration of the activity is partial and will not be able to dismiss employees.see also : Tension around the development of the device for partial unemployment
The developments of these two devices, one passenger, and the other is long-term, must enroll in the long term. "The idea is to not have to touch since their entry into force", ahead of the presidency. The executive would, however, be a point in September with the social partners. In addition, the State wishes to make periods of non-working time dedicated to the acquisition of skills funding to the tune of 70 % to 80 % of the courses sanctioned certifying. Beyond the part-time unemployment, the discussions will continue on the employment of young people. Muriel Pénicaud should also be present in the next few days a plan of action regarding the work posted. For the other topics, namely the vocational training and unemployment insurance, "they will be processed by back to school," says the Elysée palace.The editorial team conseilleLa waltz of the social plans has démarréLa France va-t-it really remove at least 800,000 jobs?SujetsEmmanuel MacronMuriel PénicaudActivité partielleChômage partielEmploiAucun comment
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