The Dominican Republic’s tumultuous history of occupation by other nations ended in 1844 when it declared its independence from Haiti. That date is still celebrated in the Dominican Republic and around the world, and on Monday, the nation is marking the 173rd anniversary of its independence.
The island nation was occupied at varying times by France and Spain as well as Haiti. In 1492, Christopher Columbus arrived in the Dominican Republic, settling in Santo Domingo, the nation’s capital.
The Dominican Republic gained independence after Juan Pablo Duarte organized a war against the Haitian occupation. Duarte is still honored each Independence Day, as are the other founding fathers: Ramon Matias Mella and Francisco del Rosario Sanchez.
Dominicans also celebrate Independence Day through a variety of different traditional dishes including mangu and bacalao. Mangu is a plantain mash topped with red pickled onions, usually served for breakfast along with a fried egg, fried cheese and fried sausage. Bacalao is a Dominican flaked codfish stew complete with tomatoes, olives and chiles. Recipes for these dishes can be found here.
The celebrations aren’t just confined to the Dominican Republic—cities across the United States planned activities for the day, as well. Boston planned a Dominican flag raising and a gala dinner to commemorate Independence Day, along with other festivities around the city. In Tampa, Florida, there's a three-day concert planned.
Women pose with a soldier during a parade to mark the Dominican Republic's 168th anniversary of independence from Haitian Rule in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, Feb. 27, 2012. Photo: Getty Images
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