On September 5, 1914 in the Chilean village of San Fabián de Alchico Nicanor Nicanor Sied Parra Sandoval, poet, antipoast, physicist, mathematician, academic and many other things. The intellectual died 34 January 2018 at 103 years in his residence of the crosses, leaving orphaned the most irreverent and advanced Chilean literature.
Patriarch of one of the most important artistic families in Chile (was the older brother of the Violeta Violeta Violeta, author of thanks to life, as well as the folklorists Lautaro, Roberto, Hilda and Lalo; Uncle of the also singer-songwriters Angel and Isabel Parra; and father of the Columbian singer and the Catalina artist) was born in 1914 in San Fabián de Alico (region of Biobío) and during his life he received numerous recognitions. Among them, the 2011 Cervantes Award, besides being postulated to the Nobel Literature Prize on several occasions.
Professor of Mathematics in Chillán's Liceum and at the University of Chile lived during his youth in the United States and the United Kingdom, and later traveled by other countries, such as Sweden, Spain or the Soviet Union.
His literary work started in the 30s of the past century, with incursions in the story and the essay. In 1937 he saw the light the first book of poems of him, songwriter without a name. But so it is remembered Parra is by "antipooses", a rebellion against the royal poetic canon in Chile, with Neruda at the head, which materialized in books such as poems and antipoems, from 1954, as well as numerous artwork inspired by Dadaism, and which is represented in these verses of 1973:
Other books are the long cueca, verses of salon, the teachers, artifacts, sermons and preaching of the Christ of Elqui, the Anti-Lazarus, jokes to disorient poetry, political poetry, blank pages or desktop speeches.
In 1969 he received the National Literature Award from Chile by thick work. In 1991 he was awarded for the second time in his country and obtained the Juan Rulfo International Award. In 2000 he received the Reina Sofia Award from Ibero-American poetry and in 2010 he was a finalist to the Prince of Asturias Award of the Letras.
In 2012, he gave in the box of the Cervantes Institute's lyrics, his old typewriter and an unprecedented poem. In the deposit act he was represented by the grandson of him, Cristóbal Ugarte. This was who, a year earlier he requested a year of extension for the delivery of his acceptance speech of the Cervantes, although he did leave a few words in his mouth: "Did you expect this prize, right? ... The prizes are for the spirits Free and for the friends of the jury ... Am I creditor of this prize? Of course. For a book that I am about to write ".
The typewriter, which deposited in the safety box number 1.552, is a beloved and valuable object for Nicanor Parra and will remain guarded in the Cervantes until September 5, 2064, the date on which the poet would turn 150 years.Updated Date: 22 September 2021, 02:35