single mothers have worse health outcomes than those living with a partner and, in addition, this situation gets worse if you are single because of a separation or widowhood in front of the mothers in solitary by his own decision, according to a study by researchers from the CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), from the group of Carme Borrell in the Public Health Agency of Barcelona.
This research, published in the journal "J Epidemiol Community Health", have been shown to the procesosy contexts which condition these differences, such as the socio-economic context and politician, the labour market, social and family relationships and the different models of policies to support motherhood.
"This conceptual framework that we designed is useful to conceptualize the processes that generate differences, recognizing the influence of the state, the labour market and community contexts, so that more attention should be paid to mothers are more disadvantaged, to promote equity policies of universal healthcare supplemented with specific for this group," explain the researchers.
The authors indicate in the study that women with higher incomes have more likely to cover your needs at the time of breeding, so that the socio-economic position and social class influence the maternity.
Impact, in addition, in the "predisposition" to the poor health in exposure to certain risks , as "problems related to unemployment, housing conditions, and lack of social supports, which could lead to a greater susceptibility to and stratification of the society".
in Addition, they conclude that the socio-economic context and political influences the opportunities to start on the path of motherhood, playing an important role in the unequal distribution of power and resources between men and women.
"A welfare policies generous could buffer the gender gap and increase the desires of being a mother in women. Also, they must be guaranteed their labour rights, because parenting is perceived as a loss of prospects in the job market," says Borrell. Precisely, the report is evidence that single mothers are more often unemployed and at higher risk of poverty, which could explain their disparities in health.
According to their findings, this is due to the traditional model of family policy in Spain, where "the social protection is based on the family support, in contrast with a more central role of the State, with the women playing the role of caregivers and with a lower integration in the labour market".
"If single mothers could be considered as a disadvantaged group, in countries with Sweden do not suffer from this circumstance by their public aid. In the same way, they are far less likely to be poor in Norway than in Canada because they receive social transfers more generous", conclude the researchers.
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