The " Inventory English of Traditional Knowledge related to Biodiversity" puts at the disposal of those who want useful information on almost 3,000 species of plants . Such a figure represents "half of the floristic diversity" which houses our country, emphasize from the Ministries of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and Ecological Transition.
A multidisciplinary team of 70 experts, among biologists , anthropologists , agronomy , pharmaceutical or linguists , have been commissioned to collect the chips of the plants that have recently been shared online, and integrate the three volumes that emerged from the second phase of this Inventory, whose first publication dates from 2014.
The current legislation on Natural Heritage and Biodiversity, recognizes "the need to learn about, conserve and promote traditional knowledge and practices of interest ". Therefore, in this database we analyze the different uses (human food and animal feed, medicine, veterinary, toxic, and harmful, fuel, construction, industry and crafts, environmental, ornamental, social, symbolic and ritual) has been given to the wide variety of wildlife species that occupy the varied ecosystems of Spain the fruit of its topography, climates and soils.
below, we present five examples. But you can read most or all here.Index Top1. Berode2. Lechuguilla dulce3. Lentisco4. Malvavisco5. Bells 1. Berode Berode - Antonio Álvarez
The berode is a shrub with strong stems and flowers fragrant that grows in the lowland areas of the Canary Islands , where it is endemic.
We have documented different "healing ritual" associated with their employment . One, for example, ensures that the warts disappear when they decay the stems (that have to be kept inside a bottle) from which was obtained the juice medicinally.
Given, precisely, the ease with which they can be emptied, the natural curvature that present some of them and they do not heat up excessively, with the stems of the berode the canaries have also made the "kennels" for ferrets that helped them in hunting rabbits.
The leaves of this plant, for its part, is also used extensively to avoid pests; arranging them the inhabitants of the seven canary islands in those places for the storage of crops, as repelled mice .2. Lechuguilla sweet Lechuguilla sweet - Emilio Laguna
The lechugilla sweet is a perennial herb that can reach up to 60 centimeters in height and whose presence is very common in the mediterranean region .
In Catalonia, the Valencian Community and the Balearic Islands consume regularly their tender leaves, raw or in a salad, on its excellent quality and taste more sweet (in comparison with other wild greens, such as cerrajas).
Its leaves have also been employed for medicinal purposes: the beverage that results from cooking in water, for example, decreases the presence of sugar in the blood .3. Mastic Mastic - Emilio Laguna
With this shrub that made wine in Mallorca. While in Córdoba, Jaén and Murcia and used the mastic as a preservative, and dressing olives . From its sap is resinous obtained gum in the comarca of the alt Empordà (Gerona). The albaceteños, for their part, were taking their leaves in infusion for your diuretic . The pastors from mallorca, in contrast, wore an outbreak of mastic in the mouth to scare the flies . And ash, among other applications, it was fairly valued as bleach of good quality to launder the clothes in Ciudad Real and Huelva.4. Marshmallow Marshmallow - Javier Late
marshmallow is a perennial herb that thrives along the margins of rivers and streams.
Although it is a plant known and appreciated, in actuality, the majority of your medicinal uses (as, for example, the treatment of wounds, pains, sprains, rheumatisms, colds, fevers, etc) are in disuse in many areas of the Iberian peninsula and the Balearic islands. Well because the marshmallow has disappeared from the orchards where they are grown or because people used to use that feature, now, with other species (and similar properties, such as mallow or plantain) more hand.
The fibers of the stems and roots of marshmallow are also served in the past for the manufacture of paper and corduroy .5. Bells Bell - Emilio Laguna
These daffodils go unnoticed among the grasses of the wet meadows and pastures of the dehesa where they grow, stressing only during the flowering season, when the bells are spectacular mantles of flowers. Its use in the past matches the current one: as the ornamental plant , mainly to integrate small bouquets of wild species.Updated Date: 11 September 2019, 22:30