Dugout is recovered: More than 4500 years old Ur-boat in the lake Constance discovered

During a Tour with his Stand-up-Paddle-Board a man has discovered the oldest known boat on lake Constance. About two and a half years after the spectacular disc

Dugout is recovered: More than 4500 years old Ur-boat in the lake Constance discovered

During a Tour with his Stand-up-Paddle-Board a man has discovered the oldest known boat on lake Constance. About two and a half years after the spectacular discovery of the more than 4500 years old Einbaums on the Rhine, a tributary of the Rhine, is a relic of the prehistoric wooden in the coming weeks, recovered. Researchers hope to gain new insights about the history of the Ur-boat in the vicinity of constancy and maybe even of life on the water in the stone age and early bronze age. "With the dugout, we have a certainty: The people were here. And you have used the lake as a waterway and fishing waters,“ said underwater archaeologist Julia gold hammer on Wednesday of the dpa.

dugout canoes are some of the oldest water vehicles of humanity. They were mainly used in the lakeside settlements. Of the more than eight-Meter-long dugout canoe from the Rhine to the estimates of the experts from the time of the 24. until 23. Century before Christ. From the end of the stone age and the beginning of the bronze age, according to the gold hammer but no prehistoric lake-settlements known that once stood on stilts in the shallow water.

The Ur-boat known relic of the past is now being salvaged carefully, and from the land office for the preservation of years of work restored and preserved. The bow of the Seerheiner Einbaums is no longer available. Its hull from Linde is of 8.56 metres long and up to 81 inches wide. "The dugout is one of the most complete and best-preserved prehistoric water vehicles at all," said the baden-württemberg Ministry of economic Affairs. However, it is a mystery why he was sunk at this point in the lake, said state Secretary Katrin Schütz (CDU).

Difficult recovery

Also, three years ago, was a water castle in the Bavarian part of lake Constance, is already a dugout of oak, found and salvaged been. While this was taken at the piece from the water, according to the Ministry of the Seerhein is not possible. "The wood is too fragile and too soft," said the Stuttgart-based government of President Wolfgang Reimer (Green). The underwater archaeologists before, among other things, with small blades. "You have to think of it like a moist butter cookie that dries," said gold hammer, who works as a wet floor archaeologist in Gaienhofen-hemmenhofen (County of Konstanz). "Is very fragile."

From the top of the outline of the Einbaums well in the water. : Image: Florian Huber

used as troughs hollowed-out canoes were in prehistoric times, primarily for the transportation of goods, fishing, and as a means of locomotion. "With a dugout came quickly and easily over long distances," explains gold hammer. "There was a lot more forest and Moor, in addition, no roads, since the water was."

gold hammer and also your colleague Heiner black mountain, of the state Archaeological collection in Bavaria from many of the other dug-out canoes in the lake of Constance. "Of course, have to be further along, there were dozens of pile settlements," says black mountain. Many of the specimens in the shallow shore area could be destroyed by Frost, or the fluctuations in the Seepegels already. The opportunities for discoveries are still good. "They are preserved in the silt and air, such as bog bodies," said black mountain, looking into the water Burger dugout. "Therefore, the lake is also ideal for finds, because it does not fall apart so quickly."

Updated Date: 01 April 2021, 06:20

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