Chronobiology: why your life is in more danger after noon

does Not equal to what time we go to the doctor, if we do a test, or we are judged in the morning or in the afternoon. Even that is irrelevant when we write a t

Chronobiology: why your life is in more danger after noon

does Not equal to what time we go to the doctor, if we do a test, or we are judged in the morning or in the afternoon. Even that is irrelevant when we write a tweet

Thousands of studies attest to the importance of choosing the precise time for each decision. In his new book, the philosopher Daniel H. Pink claims the relevance of the when

Cronoterapia: why the time that will medical can be more important than the dose.

Only if it is absolutely unavoidable, if there is no other remedy, if it is a genuine emergency, a matter almost of life or death before which no alternative is possible, Daniel H. Pink will put the foot in a hospital or undergo a medical consultation in the afternoon.

But if you can avoid it, for anything in the world, this thinker american of 54 years of age, the author of several books and, among many other things, chief editor of the speeches of former u.s. vice president Al Gore, will undergo a medical test, a health check and much less a surgical operation starting at noon.

"no talk. If one can choose what time to go to a hospital or the time that you are going to see a doctor, you must absolutely avoid the afternoons. I since then I avoid completely. I and my whole family. The next week, for example, I have an appointment with a doctor, and I have been scheduled for a quarter past nine in the morning. And a couple of months ago my youngest daughter had to take out the wisdom teeth in a procedure that required anesthesia. They gave her an appointment to 19.30 in the afternoon but absolutely impossible. Any ways, I was going to allow anestesiaran my daughter for the afternoon. No, never, impossible. We changed the appointment."

Pink has a powerful reason to bypass the health centres as soon as the morning comes to an end: he wants to continue living. According to him, as the day progresses and the hours elapse, to enter a hospital becomes a dangerous act that poses a serious health risk.

And puts examples. In the evenings there are three times more likely that a patient receives a dose of anesthesia to be potentially lethal. In the evenings the people who are operated have quite a few more likely to die in the 40 days following the intervention than those who went through the operating room in the morning. By the evening, it's 26 times more likely that physicians prescribe unnecessary antibiotics (thus facilitating the growth of viruses resistant to the drugs). In the evenings the health care personnel is ten times more likely to not wash their hands of their colleagues in the morning. For the afternoon colonoscopies that are performed directly detect the half of polyps (small growths in the colon) than can be held in the morning.

Are some of the terrifying data that Pink offers in When? The science of finding the precise moment, an essay that has been a real bestseller in the united States and now arrives in Spain of the hand of the editorial Encourages.

The book is based on around 700 studies and scientific analysis related with the time, reveals how momentous it can be to do things in a certain time or the other. And not only talk about enter in a hospital...

We take very seriously the 'what', 'who' and the 'how' but we do not take seriously the 'when'

Daniel H. Pink, author of 'When? The science of finding the precise moment'

to Appear before a court after the noon is also very risky. A study that analysed in 2011 a large number of judgements of two courts in Israel which, together, process around 40% of the requests of probation of that country, brought to light in the early hours of the day the judges failed in favor of the prisoners, 65% of the time, while that to the last hour of the morning these verdicts fell to virtually zero...

not to mention that another experiment, also quoted in the book of Pink, in which researchers asked a group of people who value the guilt of a defendant's dummy in a criminal process, by reading all of exactly the same facts. The only thing that changed was that for the half of the jurors the defendant was called Robert Garner and, for the other half, Roberto Garcia. Well: while the morning had not variations between the verdicts of the one and the other, by the afternoon, participants were much more likely to declare Garcia guilty and Garner innocent.

"what's Terrifying, truth?" concludes Pink.

The majority of people it is even more ethical in the morning, tends to say less lies in the early hours of the day... Even tweeting we offer our best face in the morning. Two sociologists at Cornell University, in the united States, analyzed with a powerful computer program more than 2.4 million tweets written during two years by users from 84 different countries, and observed that the people generally were more positive in the morning, while by evening, the good vibes are collapsing.

And what to say of the examinations. A study in Denmark in which were analyzed during four years, the results of the annual examinations to measure the performance of the students showed that the students scored significantly better notes when they were tested in the morning than in the afternoon.

"No, it is not a coincidence that most of the major disasters caused by human errors (see, for example, the tragedy of Chernobyl, the nuclear accident at Three Mile Island, or the disaster of Bopal) broke out between the 1 and the 3 in the morning", says Juan Antonio Madrid Pérez, full professor of Physiology at the University of Murcia and one of the greatest Spanish experts in Chronobiology, the science that studies the temporal organization of living organisms and the mechanisms that regulate them. In fact, it is the director of the laboratory of Chronobiology of the University of Murcia.

The question is: what the hell happens as they advance the hours?

"The power of the brain is not equal throughout the day. Our mental capacities are not stable throughout the day, change it," says Pink . "And what we know is that there are certain times throughout the day in which the human beings we are more vigilant, more in a state of alert. And these are moments in which we have a greater capacity of concentration, of focusing on something and not get distracted. Around 80% of us are diurnal, we are more vigilant during the morning. But there are about 20% of people, however, are in the afternoon, are more vigilant long after, in the afternoon. What is extremely important is to know what type you are and what particular job you must do at a specific time".

"There are moments in which our reasoning ability, or our response time to issues that require an immediate response come in decline", explains Juan Antonio Madrid, while emphasising that in Spain, for issues of time, and for cultural reasons rooted, the number of evening papers is higher than the average of the 20% that was recorded in other countries.

it is Not a coincidence that most of the major disasters caused by human error will kick in between 1 and 3 in the morning

Juan Antonio Madrid (laboratory of Chronobiology of the University of Murcia)

All living beings have an internal clock that regulates the natural way our biological rhythms. Professor Madrid just finished now a documentary for the BBC that is palmariamente shown: for ten days, were monitored to a volunteer who remained isolated, not knowing what time it was, and without being able to see natural light. His own body told you when it was night and he was going to sleep with great precision. "The only thing is that every day delayed for about 40 minutes at bedtime, because your biological clock was 24 hours and 40 minutes. But for that serves, among other things, the natural light: to set the time on your biological clock".

The problem is that it is so consubstantial to us to know that we are governed by a biological clock, we take it as something so natural, that we do not give the slightest importance. "And we need to take it seriously," says Pink.

"The time of day affects the grades of students in the school, to decisions made by the jurors, the mode of action of the doctors. These are all fundamental issues. I don't know why it is, or what it should be, but the case is that we take which very seriously, we take the who very seriously and we take the how to very seriously, but we do not take seriously the when. I don't believe that when are more important than the other issues, but I think they are just as important as them."

Our bodies have different values depending on the hours of the day. The lymphocytes, for example, are doubled in the blood at 2:00 in the morning. During the night our body repairs itself, and to do this our immune system is activated. It is for this reason that the effectiveness of the drugs depends on the time at which it is administered. "And it is for this reason that, as proved in studies, the adverse side effects of the chemotherapy treatments can be lessened considerably by taking into account the time at which it is administered," says the professor Juan Antonio Madrid.

Take breaks restorative, especially by the afternoon, it helps to charge the batteries of the biological clock and to cushion the fall of the state vigilante that most of the people experience with the passing of the hours. And, of course, sleeping well is also critical for the brain and the body.

In that sense, Juan Antonio Madrid notes with concern the effects on sleep that are causing the electronic devices. "These devices have lights bright white, or rich blue to trick the biological clock, will make you believe that it is still day. The result is that increasingly we are seeing more school and college students who do not get enough sleep. And although the weekends trying to catch up on sleep, that is not possible, the lost sleep cannot be recovered."

And, by the way, don't try to make up for the lack of sleep, gorging itself to coffee, nothing more to get up. It is a mistake, for nothing. Nothing more to awaken our body begins to produce cortisol, a stress hormone which we are active. And it turns out that caffeine interferes with the production of that hormone, so start the day with a cup of coffee just serves to encourage us. "It is best to drink that first cup of coffee an hour or 90 minutes after having woken up, once the cortisol production has reached its peak and the caffeine can work its miracles," concludes Pink.

Even in that intervenes the factor of time.

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Date Of Update: 08 November 2018, 08:01

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