Job references are often still important in the application process. The certificate should not unnecessarily complicate professional advancement. So how good does it have to be?
A job reference should not prevent professionals from advancing in their careers. That is what the legislature and the courts have decided. Does that mean that employees who leave must at least get a good reference?
no "The employer is not obliged to issue a good reference," clarifies Anke Marx, a lawyer at the Saarland Chamber of Labor. However, the reference must be benevolent and truthful and must not unnecessarily impede the professional advancement of an employee.
According to the lawyer, illegal "secret codes" are not allowed on the certificate. According to case law, the tabular form with school grades is also inadmissible, as the Federal Labor Court ruled in a judgment (Az.: 9 AZR 262/20). Employers can do without closing and thank you formulas if they want. According to settled case law, there is usually no entitlement to this, according to Marx.
If you do not agree with a certificate, you can lodge a complaint with your employer. If the content is still incorrect, "after an unsuccessful complaint, the only option is to file a lawsuit". Employers would have to prove ratings that are worse than "satisfactory" in court, explains the legal expert.
If, on the other hand, employees want a grade better than "satisfactory", it is their duty to prove in court that they deserve a better grade.